History alive 1st 3 chapters 8th grade

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1. How did Native Americans view the environment and the land? How was their perspective different from that of the Europeans who later came to America? 2. For each of the following regions, explain how the Native American inhabitants fed, clothed, and sheltered themselves: Northwest Coast, California, Great Basin, Plateau, Southwest, Great Plains, Eastern Woodlands, and Southeast. 3. How might Native American settlement and living patterns have influenced the formation of America as a nation? (…

1. How did Native Americans view the environment and the land?

didnt believe in owning land. believed in natures spirits, found abundant food

Native American Northwest Coast,
California, how did they live?

many sources of food, mild temp= simple homes

Native American Great Basin how did they live?

extreme heat and cold, search for food

Native American Plateau, Southwest how did they live?

Sturdy homes and clothing hunted camas and salmon

Native American Great Plains how did they live?

buffalo hunters,used buffalo a lot

Native American Eastern Woodlands how did they live?

plentiful woods,women farmers

3. How did early European explorers and settlers influence the formation of
America as a nation? (8.1

TURNED TOWARD DEMOCRACY

Columbus's arrival in the New World

1492

Cortés's

Date and title?, Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)

Cartier's

Date and title?, Explorer for France in 1534, explored the St. Lawrence River, set out to look for gold, claimed land for France

Jamestown

a former village on the James River in Virginia north of Norfolk settled in 1609

New Amsterdam

Date and title?, a settlement established by the Dutch near the mouth of Hudson River and the southern end of Manhattan Island

James Oglethorpe

(p. 46), Founder and governor of the Georgia colony. He ran a tightly-disciplined, military-like colony. Slaves, alcohol, and Catholicism were forbidden in his colony. Many colonists felt that Oglethorpe was a dictator, and that (along with the colonist's dissatisfaction over not being allowed to own slaves) caused the colony to break down and Oglethorpe to lose his position as governor.

assembly

..., a public facility to meet for open discussion

democratic

representing or appealing to or adapted for the benefit of the people at large

Puritans

(p. 39), Anti-cathloic group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in the early 1600s

Mayflower compact

(pp. 39, 428), This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.

slave trade

traffic in slaves

Fundamental Orders

The constitution of the Connecticut River colony drawn up in 1639, it established a government controlled in democratic style by the "substantial" citizens.

William Penn

the founder of Pen, Englishman and Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania (1644-1718), Founder of the most tolerant and democratic of the middle colonies

1. How were the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies different from each other? How were they similar?

The colonies had different views politically/religiously but were both british.

3. In what way was the Mayflower Compact important to the development
of democracy in America? (8.2.1)

Because they believed in self governing

4. How and why did the practice of slavery begin and grow in colonial
America?

they needed people to work in the cotton and sugar fields.

assembly

Write the date the event occurred and an appropriate headline, the act of constructing something (as a piece of machinery), a public facility to meet for open discussion

slaves in Virginia

Write the date the event occurred and an appropriate headline

Mayflower voyage

Write the date the event occurred and an appropriate headline, 1620-1621; Holland to Plymouth Rock, US; 50 separatist pilgrim; Indians taught them to plant crops, trap animal and fish.

Rhode Island settled

Write the date the event occurred and an appropriate headline, Reason settled-Religious freedom

William Penn

1644-1718) Quaker leader who founded a colony for Quakers in Pennsylvania; the colony provided an important example of representative self-government and became a model of freedom and tolerance

Election of the first New York

Write the date the event occurred and an appropriate headline

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