Society of Cincinnati
An elite group of Continental Army who formed an exclusive hereditary order. It was ridiculed by most Americans for its lordly pretensions.
seniority by birth; state of being the first-born child; right of the eldest child (to inherit the entire property of one or both parents)
new name for the Anglican church after it was disestablished and de-anglicized in Virginia and elsewhere
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom
Established in 1786. Its passage was pushed by Thomas Jefferson and other reformers, including the Baptists. It gave religous freedom and prolonged the fight for a separation of Church and State. It asserted that forcing any man to worship in a particular way was a violation of his civil and natural rights.
Wife of John Adams. During the Revolutionary War, she wrote letters to her husband describing life on the homefront. She urged her husband to remember America's women in the new government he was helping to create.
the willingness to work for the good of the nation or community even at great sacrifice.
The idea that American women had a special responsibility to cultivate "civic virtue" in their children
Philadelphia: area with numerous mills after the american revolution
product that was used to gain profits for america in the trade with china
Empress of China
first American ship to trade with China
Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781 during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
the mountain range from Pennsylvania to Virginia in which all states were to surrender their claims to lands west of these mountains
Land Ordinance of 1785
Law that established a plan for dividing the federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains; divided them into townships of 6 miles squares, each split into 36 sections
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
state must have 6000 inhabitants, they need to apply to become a slave.
forbade slavery in these areas
an organization formed by merging several groups or parties
the state of being allied or confederated
Region north and west of the Ohio River, included Ohio, Illinois, Indiana, MIchigan, Wisconsin, and part of Minnesota.
Wrote a popular pamphlet in England that said Britain would win back America's trade and that commerce would naturally follow old channels.
Dey of Algiers
North African leader who took advantage of the weakness of the Articles of confederation to attack American shipping
leader of over 1,000 Massachusetts farmers in an uprising after the state seized and sold their farms for non-payment of taxes
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes.
General that led the army to stop Shays's Rebellion
Where the Shaysites were caught and stopped after the rebellion
Lawless control of public affairs by the mob or populace.
a meeting was held here to discuss problems with trade and taxation but little was accomplished; 9 states appointed delegates but only 5 were finally represented
55 emissaries from 12 different states; all rich white men; decided on the Great Compromise, president=military commander, veto power over legislation; decided on electoral college and the 3/5 compromise
The people at the Philadelphia convention. most notable, Washington the chairman. Benjamin Franklin. James Madison ("Father of the Constitution"), Alexander Hamilton, who advocated for strong central gov.
urbanity of an elder statesman at the philly convention; he was a gossip
ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states
bundle of compromises
This referred to the fact that the Constitution was trying to please everybody.
Plan proposed by Virginia for representation in both houses should be based on population. Bicameral.
Plan proposed by New Jersey for equal representation regardless of size or population. Unicameral.
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
a group of people named by each state legislature to select the president and vice president
the agreement by which the number of each state's representatives in Congress would be based on a count of all the free people plus three-fifths of the slaves
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
a form of government in which people elect representatives to create and enforce laws
consent of the governed
The people of a country have to consent to be governed, otherwise they have the right to over-throw the government. This theory was coined by John Locke
supporters of the constitution; cultured and educated people who were probably loyalists during the revolution
People who opposed the constitution; poorer less educated people with lots of debt
District of columbia
Nation's Capital, America's First City
-signed the Declaration of Independence
-America's first composer
The New Roof
Song that celebrated the ratification of the Declaration of independence
"Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death"
the right of states to limit the power of the federal government
people hold the final authority in all matters of government
total absence of rule or government; confusion; disorder
Constitution of the United States
Written at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and subsequently ratified by the original thirteen states, The foundation of our country's national government; was drafted in Philadelphia in 1787; the Constitution establishes a government with direct authority over all citizens, it defines the powers of the national government, and it establishes protection for the rights of states and of every individual.