upright, feet parallel, palms forward. gives a reference so we can all determine from the same body.
divides the body into right and left portions, can have many, not necessarily down the middle.
or frontal, divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back). same direction as suture on skull
or horizontal plane, divides the body into superior (top) and inferior (bottom) portions
at the belly side of the human body
ex) the umbilicus (navel, belly button) is on the ____ side of the body
relative to the head or tail of the body, closer to the head
ex) the chest is ____ to the pelvis.
relative to the head or tail of the body; closer to the feet
ex) the stomach is _____ to the heart
relative to the head or tail of the body; at the rear or tail end
ex) the abdomen is _____ to the head
relative to the head or tail of the body; at the head end
ex) the head is _____ to the trunk.
relative to the midline or center of the body; toward the midline of the body
ex) the lungs are _____ to the shoulders
relative to the midline or center of the body; away from the midline of the body.
ex) the arms are ____ to the heart
relative to the midline or center of the body; on the inside, underneath another structure.
ex) muscles are _____ To the skin
relative to the midline or center of the body; on the outside.
ex) the external edge of the kidney is _____ to its internal structure.
relative to point of attachment of the appendage; closest to point of attachment to trunk.
ex) the elbow is ______ to the hand
relative to point of attachment of the appendage; furthest from point of attachment to trunk.
ex) the wrist is ___ to the elbow.
region of the head. subregions include orbital, nasal, oral, mental, frontal, occipital.
alco called the thorax, chest region. includes the pectoral region, mammary region, sternal region, axillary region.
arm; includes the deltoid region, brachium region, antecubital region, carpal region, and hand region (palmar, dorsum)
leg, subregions include femoral region, patellar region, popliteal region, crural region, and foot (plantar, dorsum)
subregion of the lower extremity; pedal region, plantar (sole of foot) and dorsum (top surface of foot)
body cavity; cylindrical opening formed by the vertebral column and contains the spinal cord. no serous membrane
body cavity; chest cavity, bounded inferiorly by the diaphragm. includes 2 pleural (lung) cavities, a mediastinum, and pericardial cavity.
the cavity associated with the lungs, subregion of the thoracic cavity. contains pleural serousm membrane
cavity between the lungs, subregion of the thoracic cavity. contains the pericardial cavity, thymus, trachea, esophagus, and major blood vessels. no serous membrane
cavity associated with the heart, subregion of the thoracic cavity. contains pericardium serous membrane
cavity within the abdominopelvic cavity, sits superior to an imaginary line drawn between the superior aspects of the hip bones and inferior to the diaphragm. associated with abdominal viscera, including stomach, spleein, liver, pancreas, small intestine, most of large intestine, kidneys, ureters. contains peritoneum serous membrane.
cavity within the abdominopelvic cavity, sits inferior to an imaginary line drawn between the superior aspects of the hip bones. associated with the pelvic viscera, including urinary bladdar and urethra, interal reproductive organs, andsome of the large intestine. contains peritoneum seroius membrane
composed of tissue. either support or cover organs or line the walls of some body cavities. secrete serous fluid, which reduces friction and lubricates.
the layer of a serous membrane that covers the external surface of organs. visceral = organ
potential space between parietal and visceral layer of serous membrane. this is where the serious fluid is secreted!
clinical application: an inflammation of (usually both visceral and parietal) pleura. less serous produced and white BC produce a sticky material (not a lubricant). very painful to breathe because of the additional friction, stabbing chest pain. may after a respiratory infection.