The time, place, and environment in which the story takes place
The people, animals, or things in a story
The main character in a story
A character or force in conflict with the main character
A character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another
The struggle between opposing forces or characters in a story; internal (within own mind) or external (between 2 people, person & nature or machine, person & a whole society)
Man vs. Man
The conflict is between TWO CHARACTERS; external.
Man vs. Self
The character's main problems exist within him or her self and that character must decide to change his/her ways; the only internal
Man vs. Society
A character has a conflict or problem with some element of society - the school, the law, etc.and its beliefs or rules; external
Man vs. Nature
A character has a problem with nature; heat, cold, tornado, avalanche, animals, or any other element of nature; external
The sequence of events in a literary work
The first event on a plot line.
The author introduces the setting, identifies the characters, and may reveal the conflict/problem
An interruption of the chronological events on a plot line. Current events stop, the story goes back to a past event in order to explain something important, and then continues with current events.
The next step or steps on a plot line.
The events leading up to the climax
The problems that come up during a story as characters try to resolve the conflict
The point of highest interest in a literary work and the turning point
The events after the climax which lead to the last step, the resolution, of the story.
The final unraveling or solution of the plot. The conclusion- the last step on a plot line
The "message" or central idea of the story that the author wants you to learn or think about. The theme could be about love, friendship, believing in oneself (something important the main character learns)
Who tells a story and how it is told. (1st, 2nd, 3rd limited, 3rd omniscient, 3rd objective)
1st person point-of-view
The narrator is a character in the story. ( I, me, my, we, our )
3rd person limited
The narrator is limited to the thoughts and feelings of one character
3rd person omniscient
The narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in the story.
3rd person objective
The narrator is detached and narrates only what happens; the narrator does not draw conclusions or interpret action.
2nd person point-of-view
The narrator tells the story to the reader and refers to the reader as "You"
A work of fiction that has a simple story line and can generally be read in one sitting
A fictitious prose narrative (story) of considerable length and complexity, portraying characters and usually presenting a sequential organization of action and scenes
The major category into which a literary work fits. The basic divisions of literature are
prose- fiction: historical, science fiction, fantasy, mystery, realistic, etc.
prose- non fiction: autobiography, biography, new articles, informational texts like encyclopedias or text books
poetry- sonnets, epics, ballads, etc.
A type of literature that tells a made-up story
Also a type of Prose
The structure of how it is written follows a plot line that contains the following events: exposition-rising action- climax-falling action-resolution
Also a type of Prose
A type of literature based on true information; not made up - essays - biographies - autobiographies - news articles - resource materials e.g., encyclopedia articles, Internet research articles
The structure of how it is written depends on how the information is organized. It may be organized into sequential order, cause-effect, compare-contrast, description, or problem-solution pattern.