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Blood components & transfusions Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Allergic rxn
  2. Platelets
  3. If RH factor is negative, ________
  4. PRBC
  5. Universal doner
  1. a Packed red blood cells (most commonly used)
    - 80% of plasma removed
    -30 days half life
    -given if low h/h
  2. b -1% of rxns
    -caused by foreign protein sensitivity
    -s&s: urticaria, flushing
    -tx: epinepherine, solumedrol, benadryl
  3. c Type O
  4. d Sticky, for clotting
    -should be cross typed
    -35-50 ml typical unit
    -given over 15-30 mins
  5. e Patient is RH negative (can only recieve negative blood)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. -volume overload
    -impaired cardiac fxn
    -s&s: VS changes, high BP, HR, RR. Cugh, gallop, nevk vein distention
  2. -90% of rxns
    -caused by antibodies to donor WBCs
    -s&s: fever, chills
  3. -ABO incompatibility
    -life threatening
    -antibodies react with donor erythrocytes
    -s&s: low BP, high HR, back pain, hemouria
  4. Used for hemophilia, clotting disorders, liver failure
  5. 1. Obtain order
    2. Explain procedure
    3. Verify consent w/ another RN
    4. IV should be 18-20 gauge
    5. Use correct blood tubing
    6. Transfuse w/ normal saline

5 True/False Questions

  1. Sepsis rxn-90% of rxns
    -caused by antibodies to donor WBCs
    -s&s: fever, chills

          

  2. If RH factor is present, _________Patient is RH positive (can recieve + or - blood)

          

  3. Whole blood components:RBC, WBC, platelets, plasma

          

  4. Anaphalactic Rxn-rxn to proteins
    -caused by infusion on IgA proteins to recipient with anti IgA antibodies
    -s&s: anxiety, urticaria, wheezing, hives, flushing, resp symptoms

          

  5. Blood typesSticky, for clotting
    -should be cross typed
    -35-50 ml typical unit
    -given over 15-30 mins

          

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