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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Allergic rxn
  2. Sepsis rxn
  3. Febrile rxn
  4. If RH factor is negative, ________
  5. If RH factor is present, _________
  1. a Patient is RH positive (can recieve + or - blood)
  2. b -bacterial contamination of blood product
    -s&s: chills, high fever, vomiting, diarrhea, hypotention, shock
  3. c Patient is RH negative (can only recieve negative blood)
  4. d -1% of rxns
    -caused by foreign protein sensitivity
    -s&s: urticaria, flushing
    -tx: epinepherine, solumedrol, benadryl
  5. e -90% of rxns
    -caused by antibodies to donor WBCs
    -s&s: fever, chills

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. -ABO incompatibility
    -life threatening
    -antibodies react with donor erythrocytes
    -s&s: low BP, high HR, back pain, hemouria
  2. 1. Obtain order
    2. Explain procedure
    3. Verify consent w/ another RN
    4. IV should be 18-20 gauge
    5. Use correct blood tubing
    6. Transfuse w/ normal saline
  3. Renal failure, blood cancer, chemotherapy or a hgb <6
  4. Type AB
  5. Packed red blood cells (most commonly used)
    - 80% of plasma removed
    -30 days half life
    -given if low h/h

5 True/False questions

  1. ______ does not need to be cross matched prior to a transfusionPlasma

          

  2. Blood typesO, A, B, AB

          

  3. FFPFresh frozen plasma....yummy
    -Used for volume (patients in shock)
    -200-250 ml
    -given over 30-45 mins
    -coag factors
    -can be frozen for up to 1 year

          

  4. CryoprecipitatePacked red blood cells (most commonly used)
    - 80% of plasma removed
    -30 days half life
    -given if low h/h

          

  5. PlateletsSticky, for clotting
    -should be cross typed
    -35-50 ml typical unit
    -given over 15-30 mins

          

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