Altered the nature of the Union by placing significant restraints on state governments.
Part of the bill of rights containing protections for political (freedom of speech, press, the right to assemble and to petition government) and religious expression.
Government censorship of information before it is published or broadcast. Usually judged unconstitutional today under the first amendment.
free exercise clause
Provision of the First Amendment guaranteeing religious freedom.
Provision of the First Amendment guaranteeing government support of religion.
The three-part test for Establishment Clause cases that a law must pass before it is declared constitutional: it must have a secular purpose; it must be neutral; and it must not cause excessive entanglement with religion.
Part of the bill of rights that protects you from unreasonable search and seizure of your home and property.
Determines when arrests and searches can be conducted by police.
Evidence that was gathered by violating the Constitution, cannot be used against an individual in court.
Government cannot be force you to testify against yourself. No double jeopardy- cannot be tried for a crime twice.
In Miranda vs. Arizona requirements were made to protect a suspect during a police interrogation.