study guide for the SCTD final exam (3) in art history 2
How is the portrait of Gertrude Stein unusual in regard to typical portraits of women?
has masculine pose, no emphasis on beauty, has "monumental" size/scale, facial distortion, "inner" self versus outer appearence.
Cubism, as an artistic movement, was largely developed by
Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque
Is cubism considered an abstract style?
causes of Picasso's blue period
death of younger sister without appropriate funeral, plight of Spanish colonial war veterans, suicide of good friend.
"La Vie" (The Life)
rose period - Picasso
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
critics' reactions to Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
horror, distaste. Braque: "Like swallowing kerosene and spitting fire"
painter who gave cubism its name
developed cubist sculpture
materials for early cubist sculptures
disposable items: cardboard, string, paper, wire, etc..
Nude Descending a Staircase #2
repetition of shapes in Nude Descending a Staircase #2 used how?
to show motion
meaning of "Dada"
nonsense, silliness. Fr.= hobby/obsession, Gr.=rocking h orse, Rom.= yes, yes.
a "ready made" by Marcel Duchamp
an "assisted ready-made" by Marcel Duchamp
first to use airbrush as a fine art tool
the method of placing objects on light sensitive paper can be called:
Ray-O-Graph or Photogram
spirit and or the causes of the Dada movement
trauma of WWI, group of international artists creating nonsensical, funny works as therapy.
Man Ray "Gift"
Matisse's last method for working
collage- painting huge sheets of paper in solid colors, cutting out simple shapes and pinning together to form designs.
Picasso as Harlequin
Salvador Dali "Persistence of Memory"
Gurenica historical event
Spanish civil war - bombing of town of Guernica
symbolism of Guernica bull
Spain, destruction, warfare, strength
themes of Precisionism
small town USA, city bridges, factories, bill boards, etc
Grant Wood "American Gothic"
Rivera works destroyed or reviled-why?
He was socialist/communist sympathizer-painted portrait of Vladimir Lenin in mural about achievements of humanity
Jackson Pollock "action painting" or "drip painting"
Richard Hamilton "Pop art"
messages of Hamilton's collage "Just What is it That Makes Today's Homes so Different, so Appealing?"
a new Adam and Eve-ideal young couple (body builder and pin-up girl), hip urban culture, wealth, sky is the limit (moon photo), art = graphics and ads.
social statements of "Whaam" by Lichtenstein
War is good fun, good guy wins, great adventure, excitement without moral dilemma/trauma, heros, etc..
number of reproductions equal to artistic value? Differences between graphic arts and fine art? Value of mass produced goods? Can/should fine art be marketed like graphic art-is it?
irony of "The Advantages of Being a Woman Artist"
actually a list of disadvantages
Chuck Close Photorealism
Time's effect on Hanson's super-realist sculptures
They become humorous, like parodies
intent of Keith Haring's work
to create a language of symbols that anyone would be able to read and interpret-flexible meanings
messages/interpretations of "The New Mothers" by Sally Mann
innocense of childhood-myth? Role model responsibilities to children? Issues of teen mothers? Morality of photographic images like this? Art as challenge to society's "comfort zone" etc..