Latin America Climate and Geography

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56 terms · Read the title.

Name the four main geographical areas that Latin America can be divided into.

South America, Central America, Mexico, and Caribbean America

Latin America is south and east of ________.

The United States

What connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans south of South America?

The Drake Passage

Where do the Latin American Tropics lie?

Between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn

Which South American nation is almost as large as the United States?

Brazil

The chain of mountains extending through Mexico, Central America, and the west coast of South America are a continuation of what mountain range?

The Rocky Mountains

Name the two mountain chains running through Mexico.

The Sierra Madre Occidentals (west) and the Sierra Madre Orientals (east)

What is Mexico's largest and most important region?

The Central Plateau (Valley)

What are the mountains called in South America?

The Andes

Forty-eight peaks in the Andes are over _____ feet.

20,000

Why have the Andes mountains hindered travel, trade, communication, exploration, and development?

Because they are rugged.

Name the four principal rivers of Latin America.

The Amazon, Orinoco, Sao Francisco, and Rio de la Plata

What is the second longest river in the world?

The Amazon

How long is the Amazon River and how many tributaries does it have?

4,080; 1,000

Where the source of the Amazon?

The Peruvian Andes

What is the Rio de la Plata?

An estuary

What does Rio de la Plata translate to?

River of Silver

How much of the total fresh water in the world does the Amazon carry?

20%

The Amazon River discharges more than __ times the volume of water as does the Mississippi.

12

Name the two major ports along the Rio de la Plata.

Buenos Aires and Montevideo

What river system flows through Venezuela and part of Colombia?

Orinoco

Which river flows through the Brazilian Highlands?

The Sao Francisco

Name the three largest lakes in South America.

Titacaca, Maracaibo, and Poopo

What is the highest navigable lake in the world on the border between Bolivia and Peru?

Titicaca

What is the largest lake in Central America?

Lake Nicaragua

What was a major engineering feat in the mosquito infected swamps of Panama?

The Panama Canal

What is the major beast of burden used in South America?

Llama

True or false: The seasons are the same in both the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

False! The seasons are opposite.

What kind of climate does most of South America enjoy?

Tropical

What bleak and forlorn land mass is known as the "land of the big feet"?

Patagonian Plateau

What are vast, grassy, treeless plains that stretch from the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean?

The Panpas

What underdeveloped arid land is north of the Panpas and dotted with swamps during the rainy season and dense stretches of impenetrable jungle?

The Gran Charco

Where are most of Brazil's richest farmlands, important mineral reserves, and major population centers located?

Brazilian Highlands

Why is Mata Grosso regarded as Brazil's last frontier?

It is excellent for grazing cattle but poor soil prohibits farming.

What does Mata Grosso translate to?

Thick forests

What occupies all the land drained by the Amazon and was covered by tropical rainforests full of dense vegetation and exotic wildlife?

The Amazon Basin

________ is a Spanish word for "plains" referring to savanna grasslands in Venezuela and eastern Colombia where the chief industry is cattle grazing controlled by cowboys known as llaneros.

Llanos

What are the Guana Highlands noted for?

Gold, diamonds and bauxite mines, bananas, citrus fruits, sugar cane, and rice

What countries do the Andean Highlands cover?

Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia

What kind of climate do the Andean Highlands have?

Vertical

Name the crops produced in the Southern Pacific Coast.

Cotton, sugar, and tropical fruits

______ is home to the Atacama Desert of Chile and extends north through Peru and Ecuador.

The Southern Pacific Coast

How far does Central America extend?

From the southern tip of Mexico to the isthmus of Panama in the south

What is the predominant export crop from Central America?

Bananas

Approximately how many volcanoes are located in Central America?

250

Name the three vertical climate zones in Mexico.

Tierra Caliente, Tierra Templata, and Tierra Fria

Translate Tierra Caliente to English.

Hot land

Translate Tierra Templata to English.

Temperate zone

Translate Tierra Fria to English.

Cold land

What body of water juts into the Gulf of Mexico?

The Yucatan

Where is the narrow peninsula Baja California?

Isolated along the eastern side of the Gulf of California

Name the common natural disasters in Latin America.

Flooding, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and avalanches

How many Latin Americans still work in Agriculture?

50%

The majority of Latin Americans are ______ farmers, growing just enough food for their families.

Subsistence

What is Latin America's most fertile land used for?

Commercial agriculture

What are latifundia?

Traditional large plantations in Latin America that lie in the hands of a wealthy few

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