Dauphin Junior High School World History 8th grade Chapter 1

Nebuchadnezzar

built the Hanging Gardens for his wife

artifacts

things made by humans long ago

epic

long poem

empire

group of many different lands under one ruler

fossil

traces of plants or animals preserved in rock

scribes

record keepers

Epic of Gilgamesh

hero of epic who travels around the world performing great deeds

Nineveh

site of world's first library

astronomer

people who study heavenly bodies

Assyrians

first army to use iron weapons

nomads

people who move from place to place

ziggurat

grand temple with a shrine on top. Looks like a giant square wedding cake~

Hot & Dry

Mesopotamia's climate

Hammurabi

wrote legal code about daily life

historians

people who study and write about the human past

Cuneiform

Sumerian writing system

Bronze

copper + tin

Middle class

artisans, merchants, farmers, fishers

Archaeologists

study artifacts and fossils to learn about the past

Chaldeans

rebelled against the Assyrians

domestication

taming of plans or animals for human use

Trade

helped ideas spread around the world

hereditary

passes from parent to child

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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