Main goal is to change disordered or inapproprieate behavior directly
The processes of consciousness raising, catharsis, and choosing.
(psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions
to be in the act of deciding to do something.
shared elements in psychotherapies that produce positive outcomes
the process of achieving greater awareness, as of one's own needs or of a political or social issue
UNDESIRABLE BEHAVIOR IS NOT REINFORCED, WHILE DESIRABLE BEHAVIOR IS REINFORCED
Corrective emotional experiences
An intense emotional experience produces a psychological correction.
Learning to do the healthy opposite- relaxation instead of anxiety, assertion instead of passivity for example.
The belief that cathartic reactions can be evoked by observing emotional scenes in the environment
Information given to a client that concerns environmental events. Ex. Sexual drive will decrease with age.
a belief in what someone can do or accomplish.
The receiver's response to a message
phenomenon in which participants' knowledge that they're being studied can affect their behavior
represents the mainstream of contemporary psychotherapy
something presented as a drug, but having no actual effect
Processes of change
Processes are the covert or overt activities that people engage into alter emotion,thinking, behavior or relationships related to particular problems or patterns.
treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth, the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means
the evaluation of something a second time (or more)
Based on a sense of self efficacy
Belief that one's own efforts play a role in succeeding
When changes in the environment make more alternatives available to individuals, such as more jobs being open to gays and lesbians.
Changing the environment
1. Intrapersonal conflicts 2. Interpersonal conflicts 3. Individuo-social conflicts 4. Beyond conflict to fulfillment
across theories—model reduces the therapeutic morass to a manageable number of processes of change