American History I Chapter 12

58 terms by watsonm

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tariffs

protective taxes placed on foreign goods

canal

waterway dug across a section of land

Erie Canal

opened in 1825 and connected th Hudson River to Buffalo, New York

first major railroad line

Baltimore and Ohio

James Monroe

President during Era of Good Feelings

Supreme Court

ruled by Chief Justice John Marshall

McCulloch v Maryland

state wanted to tax its branch of the National bank

Gibbons v Ogden

debate over trade rights

Spain

sold Florida to U.S. for 5 million dollars

doctrine

set of beliefs

Monroe Doctrine stated

US would not allow European countries to start new colonies in Western Hemisphere and would not interfere with Europe or existing colonies

Monroe Doctrine

became basic principle of American foreign policy

elected President in 1824

John Quincy Adams

Henry Clay

person who proposed the American System to Congress

elected President as a Democrat

Andrew Jackson

spoils system

filling government jobs with political supporters

Pres. Andrew Jackson

wanted ordinary citizens to participate in the government

convention system

open meeting of political parties to select candidate

convention system of voting

developed by Andrew Jackson

national bank charter

vetoed by Andrew Jackson

wanted to locate Native Americans to land east of Mississippi

John Calhoun

Vice-President Calhoun

wanted to nullify tariff because it hurt farmers

Force Bill

measure proposed by President Jackson to frighten nullification supporters

Whig Party

new political party in 1834 that supported idea of a strong legislative branch

Species Circular

US would only accept coins as payment for land

Jackson's policies

led to a greater democracy

nationalism increased

when James Monroe president

why Spain sold Florida

too weak to hold on to it

not recognized for land ownership

Native Americans

disease and wars

cause of death for most Native Americans

started in 1804

Native Americans forced to move West

Jackson's Secretary of War

John Calhoun

Calhoun

quit as Vice-President because unhappy with Force Bill

relocation area

west of Missouri and the Arkansas Territory

Indian Removal Act of 1830

ordered Native Americans to give up land east of Mississippi River and relocate to west of river

Bureau of Indian Affairs

ran resettlement of Indian Territory

Treaty of Echota

signed by Cherokees to surrender their land

Cherokees

went to court to defend right to stay on land

Supreme Court Ruling on Cherokees

Cherokees could not be forced to move

Jackson

sent soldiers to force Cherokee to leave, ignoring Supreme Court

Trail of Tears

march of Cherokee off their land

harsh weather, hunger, disease

caused thousands of Cherokee to die

Panic of 1837

crisis that weakened US economy

Oklahoma

present-day state known earlier as "Indian Territory"

Seminoles

a group of Florida Native Americans who fought the US government

nullify

cancel

Nicholas Biddle

head of the bank of the United States

candidates in election of 1824

John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William Crawford, Andrew Jackson

won most electoral votes in election of 1824

Andrew Jackson

Democratic party

party of Andrew Jackson

written by Cherokees

letter of protest to the U.S. government

number of Cherokee forced to move

more than 15,000

seen as threat to U.S.

another country interfering in affairs of country in western hemisphere

House of Representatives

decided election of 1824

Clay

convinced House to vote for John Quincy Adams

corrupt bargain

John Quincy Adams naming Clay Secretary of State

created schools and helped start farming

done by Bureau of Indian Affairs

restricted settlers from moving into reserved area

Bureau of Indian Affairs

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