Vocab For 1st Parauka Test

25 terms by sladerand 

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Base line

An east-west line designated under the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the United States.

Cartography

The science of making maps.

Connections

Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.

Geographic Information System (GIS)

A computer system that stores, organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data.

Global Positioning System (GPS)

A system that determines the precise position of something on Earth through a series of satellites, tracking stations, and receivers.

Greenwich Mean Time

The time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or 0° longitude.

International Date Line

180 Longitude, crossing East moves back a day, crossing West moves forward one day

Latitude

Lines running East/West

Location

The position of anything on Earth's surface.

Longitude

Lines running North/South

Map

A two-dimensional representation of Earth's surface

Meridian

An arc drawn on a map between the North and South poles.

Parallel

A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians.

Place

A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character.

Prime meridian

The meridian, designated at 0° longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England.

Projection

The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map.

Region

An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features.

Regional Studies

Analyzing social and physical aspects of a region

Remote sensing

The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.

Scale

the relationship between the size of something on a map and in real life

Site

The physical character of a place.

Situation

The location of a place relative to other places.

Space

The physical gap or interval between two places.

Toponym

The name given to a portion of Earth's surface.

Township

A square normally 6 miles on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the United States into a series of townships.

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