Spanish conquistador; confronted and overcame Montezuma (Aztec emperor) with horses and gunfire.
Fra Bartolome de las Casas
Published Historia de las Indias in defense of the Indians, questioning the European conquest to the New World.
Offspring of Spanish men and Indian women.
French explorer searching for Northwest Passage/ waterway to China
1st man to claim land in America for England
The Great Migration
Movement of Puritans to America after the Protestant Reformation
Preached extreme separatism, questioned validity of Massachusetts' charter, and scolded civil rulers for punishing people based on religious belief; exiled and created Providence, Rhode Island.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
Blueprint of civil government in Connecticut that resulted in a charter from Charles II
Governor of Virginia
Wrote account on early American life; persuaded Europeans they could survive in America.
Vasco de Gama
Portuguese captain who returned from the coast of India with spices and other goods.
Giovanni de Verrazano
Unsuccessful Frenchman in search of water route to China.
Indian tribe living in Virginia who tried to drive English settlers out of their land, but ended up being destructed.
Founder of Georgia; believed he could thwart Spanish and create a new start for the poor people of London and saving them from debtor's prison.
Treaty of Tordesilla
Divided the world along a line; west of line belonged to Spain, east of line belonged to Portugal.
Dominion of New England
Charles II and James II wanted to create 1 big colony in the north; to be headed by Edmund Andros
House of Burgesses
Representative assembly- colonists were allowed to voice opinions
Believed the Church of England was corrupt and the only option was to leave and form a new church
Traveled to New World, worked for 4-7 years as a servant before becoming free, given land at the end of their term.
Keep wealth within the country- Increase exports and decrease imports; Adam Smith
Armies of Castile and Aragon -holy war against the Muslim states of southern Spain to gain control; after this, the Iberian peninsula was ruled by Christians.
Aztec emperor; defeated by Cortes
Virgin of Guadaloupe
Newly Christian Indian reported a vision of this dark-skinned woman of Indian ancestry who symbolized Mexican nationalism
A period in Europe when Catholics grew angry with the ways of the Catholic Church and separated, forming the protesrant church. English considered Spain a threat.
Samuel de Champlain
Frenchman who settled Quebec; first French settlement in New World.
bound the pilgrims together, submit to the government of their choice
Connecticut's most prominent minister; helped define Congregational church polity in New England
Was looking for Northwest Passage, but found the Hudson River.
Proprietor who created a colony for money and religious reasons; Quaker
System in which Spanish monarch would reward explorers with Indian villages- people in village would provide encomenderos with labor, and the encomendoero would protect and guide the people.
Sieur de la Salle
Traveled to the Gulf of Mexico in search of fur
Governor of Massachusetts Bay
Led rebellion against Berkeley in Jamestown: Bacon's Rebellion
King Philip's War
Metacom's followers wage war against colonists, colonists' victory
September 1739; 150 slaves in SC rose up and murdered white planters, took off for Florida, but were stopped by militia and killed
Spanish explorers looking for personal weath
Allowed teenagers who would not be able to prove how G-d came to them partial membership to the Puritan church and baptism, but they couldn't vote or take communion
Made by Charles in effort to get a more controlled financial reward from the colonies; 1. all goods must go through English port, 2. certain goods could only be traded with Europe, 3. all trade must be on English ships with English crew.
The Duke of York awarded the land between the Hudson and Delaware rivers to Lord Berkeley and this man; land became New Jersey named after his birthplace.
The leading Congregational minister of Massachusetts Bay
Portuguese ships able to sail against African winds and currents
People born in New World with Spanish parents
Offspring of white settlers and blacks
Stopped at Roanoke on way to Europe, and the colonists from Roanoke climbed onto his ship and returned home.
Sailed down the Mississippi River in search of furs
Military governor in Ireland; killed all revolters
Founder of unsuccessful Roanoke colony
Married Pocahontas; experimented with tobacco and began the tobacco craze
English philosopher; Two Treatises on Government, Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina
Natives of the mother country
Saved Virginia; written accounts of early life in Virginia, rescued by Pocahontas, seized control, military discipline.
Woman; divine inspiration, Antinomianism, exiled to Rhode Island
Chosen to be in charge of Dominion of New England
Nathaniel Bacon and followers rising up against Berkeley and Green Spring faction out of anger/ desire to fur trade
Sandys trying to convince settlers to come to America; this system gave colonists who paid to come to America 50 acres of land and additional land for paying for servants to come
believed in reforming the Church of England; came to Massachusetts Bay to create a religious colony
1688; William and Mary dethrone James II; no bloodshed; revolution now viewed as ok, beginning of "salutary neglect"
Was a slave, bought freedom, became slave owner
believe in an "inner light", tolerant, welcoming, Pennsylvania