How does protein synthesis occur?
mRNA transcript provides Open Reading Frame which Translates into proteins via ribosomal protein synthesis.
What are some complications that can arise from mRNA encoding? (4 main ones)
Deletions (worst), Mutations (change of one nucleotide) and can either be missence (codes for different protein) or nonsense (premature stop codon), frameshift mutation (inserts or deletes nucleotides not divisible by 3), splicing mutation (can cause premature stop codon to appear).
What is most common constituent used for hormone binding in bloodstream, and which hormones rely on binding?
Albumin, steroid and thyroid hormones travel bound to binding proteins.
What has type of binding has the most affect on feedback mechanisms?
freely bound, and weakly bound hormones
Give an example of "hormone pairs."
Hormones that rely on each other to maintain homeostasis, as well as keeping organ failure from occuring. Ex) TSH and T4