Therefore; As a result; Suggests; Indicates; Accordingly; So; Consequently; Thus; Hence; It follows that
This law should be enacted....
Conclusions can also be signaled by their strong tone, often marked by "opinion" words such as should.
Since; Due to; As a result of; Because; Given that; As
If she studies several times a week, Melissa can expect to improve her score.
Claims are often forecasting of the future -- i.e. predict the future (look out for will; should ; can be expected to; could result in; are likely to; etc.)
The proposal to hire additional dogcatchers in Newtown is a mistake.
Claims are anything that express an opinion or anything cannot be proven.
If you have two claims, does X lead to Y? Or, does Y lead to X?