the yarns that run the length of the fabric
The yarn that is shuttled back and forth across the warp to create a woven fabric. Same as filling.
The filling yarns pass over and under each warp yarn. The yars alternate in each row to form an even, balanced weave. It is the simplest of all weaves and their is no right or wrong side of the fabric.
Filling yarns pass over and under one or more warp yarns. Each successive row shifts to the right or left to five the diagonal line. Firmer, heavier, and more durable the plain weaves.
Either the warp or the filling yarns pass over 4 or 8 yarns at a time. The long floats appear on the right side of the fabric and give it a luster or shine.
The warp yarns cross and twist between the filling yarns. Open or sheet fabrics with good stability are produced because the filling yarns can't shift.
Pulling loops of yarn through other loops of yarn to create interlocked rows.
A basic knitting stitch. Looks the same on both sides, fiving a ribbed or waved appearance. Used for sweaters.
Lengthwise chains of loops in knitted fabric. Also called ribs.
Crosswise rows of loops in knitted fabric.
Knits made with only one yarn. Made when knitting by hand. Most have 2-way stretch in both lengthwise and crosswise directions. Can get runs from broken threads because of single yarn construction.
Made with several yarns on flat knitting machines. Constructed by looping the multiple warp yarns so that they interlock. Thus, each loop is made up of two yarns. Run resistant.
Also called a jersey knit. The most common type of weft knit (made with only one yarn).
Made with two yarns and two sets of needles. Heavier, firmer, and sturdier than other knits. A weft knit.
Have vertical rivs or columns of stitches that alternate on the front and back. Used as a neck, wrist, and bottom bands on sweaters/jackets. A weft knit.
Made of yarns that have increased stretchability such as spandex, rubber, or yarns that have been wrapped around an elastic core. A weft knit.
Have very fine vertical wales on the right side and crosswise courses on the back. Used for lingerie and underwear. A warp knit (made with several yarns on a flat knitting machine).
May have an extra yarn stitched in to produce a textured or patterned design. Used to create open and lacy knits. A warp knit.
Made by applying hear, moisture, and pressure to wool fibers.
Piece of fabric placed between the outer fabric and a facing. Can be woven or nonwoven.