# Maps and Globes Review

### 20 terms by dfiliatrault

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### Continents

Large bodies of land. There are seven, Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America.

### Ocean

Large bodies of salt water. There are four, Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, and Pacific.

### Hemisphere

Half of the globe. The globe can be divided two ways.

### Latitude

Imaginary lines that run east and west around the globe. They are also called parallels because they never touch each other.

### Equator

an imaginary line around the middle of the globe. It divides the globe into the Northern Hemishpere and the Southern Hemisphere.

### Longitude

Imaginary lines that run noth and south along the globe. They are also called meridians because they touch each other at the north and south poles.

### Prime Meridian

The starting line for measuring lines of longitude.

### Cardinal Directions

the four main directions. They are north, south, east, and west. We use the letters N,S,E, and W.

### Intermediate Directions

are halfway between cardinal directions. There are four, northeast,southeast, northwest, and southwest. We use the letters NE, SE, NW, and SW.

### Compass Rose

a small drawing on a map that shows directions. it may look like a cross.

### Scale

a scale shows how much smaller something is. Maps show things much smaller than they really are. A scale is used to tell how much smaller.

### Symbol

a small picture that stands for something else.

### Map Key

tells what each symbol means. Also called a legend.

### Locator

a small map that is set in the corner of a larger map.

### Political Map

shoes borders between states or countries.

### Physical Map

highlights earth's natural features, like mountains, forest, rivers, and lakes.

### Relief Map

a physical map that uses shading to show the difference in height between land.

### Elevation Map

is a physical map that uses color to shoe elevation, or height of land above sea level.

shows how to drive from one place to another.

Example: