Ancient Mesopotamia and the Middle East

14 terms by Rramig

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History 2

Mesopotamia

the land between the Tigris and Euphrates, present day Iraq

Sumerians

People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.

Ziggurat

a huge mud-brick temple built by the ancient Sumerians

Polytheism

belief in multiple Gods

Hanging Gardens

Nebechandnezzar ordered it for his wife, who missed her green, mountainous homeland. 1 of the 7 wonders of the world

Chariot

a two-wheeled horse-drawn battle vehicle

Cuneiform

Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets

Scribes

people trained to write using the earliest forms of writing before literacy was widespread

Stylus

a pointed tool (reed) for writing or drawing

Sargon

warrior who found the Akkadian Empire and so became the first ruler of an empire in the Fertile Crescent

Hammurabi

Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)

Babylon

the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia

Gilgamesh

the epic story of the king, Gilgamesh, who searched for immortality. This is a Sumerian legend and is believed to be the first story

Artisan

a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

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