Parts of Speech
Each word in a sentence performs a basic function or task.
what are the parts of speech?
Noun, Pronoun, Verb, Adjective, Interjection, Adverb, Prepposition, Conjuction
refers to a person, place, thing, idea, or quality.
Ex. me, my dog, Tucson, my brother
is used in place of a noun, renames a noun.
Ex. I, you, she, he, she, it, we, they, his, her, its, me, myself, us, yours
word that shows action, occurance or existence (state of being)
word used to describe a noun or pronoun.
Ex. The tan cat sat. Tina the llama was quite smelly.
word used to express emotion.
Ex. oh-no, yikes!, Yes!, shhhhhh...
word used to modify (describes) a verb, an adjective, or another verb. An adverb tells how, when, where, why, how often and how much.
Ex.Dad snores loudly. His snores are really explosive. Dad snores very loudly.
1. shows how the words in a sentence are related and fit together.
2. knowing how to diagram can help you write sentences correctly, because it illustrates immediately how the parts of a sentence fit together.
Parts of Sentence
The essential parts of a sentence are a subject and a predicate.
The subject of a sentence names the person, place or thing the sentence is about.
The subject is always a noun.
The subject identifies what or whom the sentence is about.
Ex. The orangutan ate the rest of my birthday cake!
tells what the subject is doing.
The verb is the most important element in the predicate.
Ex. The gnome protected the child in the hallway.
A simple subject is only the main noun that the sentence is about.
A complete subject is the main noun and any word that describe.
A simple predicate is the main verb that the subject is Ex. The hairy man laughed annoyingly.
The complete predicate is the main verb and any word modifying it.
Ex. The hairy man laughed annoyingly.
How to draw the diagram...
1. draw lines
2. find verb - write on right half of line
3. find subject - write in front of verb
4. find words that describe the subject(main noun) on a slanting line.
5. find words that describe the predicate(verb) on slanting line.
6. in case of a possive the owner is written on a slant below the thing owned or possessed.