behavior of citizens and policymakers and the political agenda itself are increasingly shaped by technology
television, radio, newspapers, magazines, the internet, and other means of popular communication
events purposely staged for the media that nonetheless look spontaneous. in keeping with politics as theater, media events can be staged by individuals, groups, and government officials, especially presidents
meetings of public officials with reporters
the use of in-depth reporting to unearth scandals, scams, scams, and schemes, at times putting reporters in adversarial relationships with political leaders
newspapers and magazines as compared with broadcast media
television and radio, as compared with print media
media programming on cable TV or the internet that is focused on one topic and aimed at a particular audience. Examples include MTV, ESPN, and C-SPAN
newspapers published by massive media conglomerates that account for over four-fifths of the nation's daily newspaper circulation. Often controls broadcast media as well.
specific locations from which news frequently emanates, such as congress or the white house. most top reporters work a particular beat, thereby becoming specialists in what goes on at that location.
an international news leak for the purpose of assessing the political reaction
short video clips of approx. 10 seconds. Typically, they are all that is shown from a politician's speech on the nightly TV news.
a shot of person's face talking directly to the camera. Because this is visually unappealing, the major commercial networks rarely show a politician talking one-to-one for very long.
the issues that attract the serious attention of public officials and other ppl actively involved in politics at the time
ppl who invest their political "capital" in an issue. according to John Kingdom, a policy entrepreneur "could be in or out of government, in elected or appointed positions, in interest groups or research organizations."