Islam: The Empire of Faith

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Oasis

A small area in the desert watered by springs and wells

Nomad

A member of a group that has no fixed home and moves from place to place

Tribe

Any system of social organization made up of villages, bands, or other groups with a common ancestry, language, culture, and name

Idol

An image used as an object of worship

Bazaar

An open-air market with shops and goods for sale

Pilgrimage

A journey to a sacred place or shrine; Hajj

Koran

The sacred book of Islam

Monotheism

The belief that there is only one God

Islam

A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad

Muslim

A believer in Islam

Mosque

A place of Muslim worship

Sunna

Customary procedures of living, specifically the ways and customs of Muhammad

Caliph

The civil and religious ruler of a Muslim state

Council

An assembly called to help determine the next Muslim caliph

Shiite

From the Arabic "party;" one who believes that authority passed from the prophet Muhammad to his lineal descendants

Sunni

One who follows the ways and customs of Muhammad, specifically those who accept that authority was passed down through consensus of the Muslim community

Muhammad

Founder of Islam, prophet of God

Allah

Arabic word for God

Muezzin

One that calls Muslim worshippers for prayer

Kaaba

Square building in Mecca believed by Muslims to be the house Ibrahim erected for God and the focus of Muslim worship

Hegira

Muhammad's emigration with his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622

They tolorated them. They said that they were people of the book.

How did the Ottoman Empire treat people who weren't Muslim?

-making pottery
-setting up the camp site
-cooking

What were the Bedouin women in charge of?

-raiding villages
-livestock

What were the Bedouin men in charge of?

-fasting (Romadon)
-prayer (5 times a day)
-almsgiving (giving money to the poor)
-pilgramage (Hajj)
-one God (monotheism)

What are the 5 pillars of Islam?

Sultan

Muslim ruler, particularly the ruler of the Ottoman empire

570c.

When was Muhammad born?

632

When did Muhammad die?

-parents died
-went to live with his uncle

What happened when Muhammad was six?

There is no god but God

What did an angel tell Muhammad to recite?

610

When did Muhammad first hear from God?

-badly

How were Muhammad's followers treated?

25

How old was Muhammad when he got married?

40

How old was the women Muhammad married?

Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina (hegira)

What event marked the first year of the Islamic calender?

-let the people live and have their own religion
-destroyed the idols in the Kaaba

What did Muhammad do when he concurred Mecca?

People of the book

How did Muhammad refer to people with a different religion?

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