Test 1

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science of mental life

In its earliest days, psychology was defined as the

John Watson

Who would be most likely to agree with the statement, "Psychology should investigate only behaviors that can be observed"?

science of behavior and mental processes

Today, "psychology" is defined as the

Edward Titchner

Who introduced the early school of structuralism?

William James

Who wrote the early textbook Principles of Psychology?

behavior genetics

Psychologists who study the degree to which genes influence our personality are working from what perspective?

the issue of the relative influence of biology and experience on behavior

What exemplifies the issue of the relative importance of nature and nurture on our behavior?

Locke

The seventeenth-century philosopher who believed that the mind is blank at birth and that most knowledge comes through sensory experience is

Descartes

Which seventeenth-century philosopher believed that some ideas are innate?

neuroscience

Which psychological perspective emphasizes the interaction of the brain and body in behavior?

social-cultural

A psychologist who explores how Asian and North American definitions of attractiveness differ is working from what perspective?

basic research

A psychologist who conducts experiments solely intended to build psychology's knowledge base is engaged in

clinical psychologists

Psychologists who study, assess, andtreat troubled people are called

connects with a diversity of other fileds

Today, psychology is a discipline that

survey, question, read, review, reflect

In order, the sequence of steps in the SQ3R method is

cognitive neuroscientists

Psychologists who study how brain activity is linked to memory, perception, and other thought processes are called

Wundt; 1879

The first psychology laboratory was established by __________ in the year _________.

Wilhelm Wundt

Who would be most likely to agree with the statement, "Psychology is the science of mental life"?

any action we can observe and record

In psychology, behavior is best defined as

humanistic psychology

Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow are most closely associated with

way of asking and answering questions

In defining psychology, the text notes that psychology is most accurately described as a

philosophy and biology

Two historical roots of psychology are the disciplines of

Plato

The Greek philosopher who believed that intelligence was inherited was

cognitive

The way we encode, process, store, and retreive information is the primary concern of what perspective?

psychiatrist

Which individual is also a physician?

developmental psychologist

Dr. Jones' research centers on the relationship between changes in our thinking over the life span and changes in moral reasoning. Dr. Jones is most likely a

industrial-organizational psychology

Which subfield is most directly concerned with studying human behavior in the workplace?

social-cultural

Dr. Ernst explains behavior in terms of different situations. Dr. Ernst is working from what perspective?

behavioral

Which perspective emphasizes the learning of observable responses?

applied

A psychologist who studies how worker productivity might be increased by changing office layout is engaged in what research?

people learn and remember material best when they actively process it

A major principle underlying the SQ3R study method is that

different levels of analysis in exploring behavior and mental processes

The biopsychosocial approach emphasizes the importance of

self-examination of mental processes

Jawan believes that psychologists should go back to using introspection as a research tool. This technique is based on

counseling psychologist

Terrence wants to talk to a professional to help him cope with some academic challenges he's facing. You reccomend that he contact a

psychodynamic perspective

Professor Gutierrez, who believes that human emotions are best understood as being jointly determined by heredity, learning, and the individual's social and cultural contexts, is evidently a proponent of the

nurture; nature

The philosophical views of John Locke are to those of René Descartes as _________ is to _________

functionalism

During his presentation on the history of psychology, Sanjay notes that Darwin's theory led most directly to the development of the school of

nurture works on what nature endows

In concluding her report on the "nature-nurture debate in contemporary psychology," Karen notes that

cognitive

Dr. Waung investigates how a person's interpretation of a situation affects his or her reaction. Evidently, Dr. Waung is working from which perspective?

personality psychologist

Dr. Aswad is studying people's enduring inner traits. Dr. Aswad is most likely a

conscious processes; observable responses

During a dinner conversation, a friend says that the cognitive and behavioral perspectives are quite similar. You disagree and point out that the cognitive perspective emphasizes _________, whereas the behavioral perspective emphasizes __________.

space study time over several short sessions.

Your roommate announces that her schedule permits her to devote three hours to studying for an upcoming quiz. You advise her to

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