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Classical Mythology, Chapter 8: Athena

Athena

goddess of wisdom, war, weaving

Parthenon

shrine in honor of Athena

Metis

mother of Athena who was swallowed by Zeus

Hephaestus

split Zeus' head open with an axe to free Athena

Arachne

full of hubris; challenged Athena at weaving

Pallas

killed by Athena after an intervention by Zeus

Minerva

Roman equivalent of Athena

flute

instrument invented by Athena

Nike

winged figure, sometimes accompanied Athena

owl

sacred animal of Athena

Furies

represented the old social order of family vendetta brought to an end by Athena

Odysseus

aided by Athena in retaking his home

Orestes

helped by Athena to be acquitted of his crime against his mother

Athens

patron city of Athena

Poseidon

competed with Athena over control of Athens

Zeus

father of Athena, swallowed Metis

Grey

color of Athena's eyes

Wisdom

offered to Paris in exchange of the Golden Apple

Apollo

helped Orestes to be aquitted of his crime, along with Athena

Olive Tree

created by Athena, helping her win Athens

Spear

Athena's weapon of choice

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