largely self-suficient, somewhat isolated groups with long-standing traditions that change comparatively slowly through time
the rapidly changeable, nontraditional heterogeneous ideas and practices of urban industrial societies
changing something that wasn't originally made to be bought and sold into something that can be bought and sold.
one of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human population, their cultures, activities, and landscapes
one of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, procesesses, and location of the Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals, and topography
the position or place of a certain item on the surface of the Earth as expressed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude.
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places.
the way of looking at the world's layout
a geographic tool used for anything from waging war to solving medical problems to locating shopping centers
image or picture of the way space is organized as determined by an individual's perception, impression, and knowledge of that space
how people are spread out and located on Earth
a type of region marked by a certain degree of homogeneity in one or more phenomenal; also called uniform region or homogeneous region
a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
a region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
a method of collecting data or info through the use of instruments that are physically distant from the area or object of study.
geographic information systems
a collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
used to navigate. road and highway maps are most common
used to display geographically themed information
uses varying colors to convey info
uses relatively sized shapes to represent relative values
used to display geographic theme
location, human-environment interactions, region, place, landscape, movement
reoccurences in the spatial arrangement of human activities or conditions
what happens at one scale is not independent of what happens at other scales
area within which a particular culture system prevails
a single attribute of a culture
discrete combination of culture traits
culture complexes grouped together because they have culture traits in common
term used by many geographers instead of culture region
most highly generalized regionalization of culture and geography
composite of artificial features
area inhabited & transformed by a succession of cultural groups
occurs through the movement of people, goods, or ideas
occurres when the same ideas or innovations appear in widely separated areas
an idea or innovation develops in a core area and remains strong there while spreading outward
a form of expansion diffusion in which nearly all adjacent individuals are affected
main channel of diffusion lies through some segment of those susceptible or adopting what is being diffused
ideas may not be adopted but may result in local experimentation