ap comp vocab part 1

25 terms by takeasplash30

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comparative politics

the study and comparison of domestic politics across countries.

international politics

concerns the relations between countries

politics

the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs

nation

a politically organized body of people under a single government

nation-state

A country who's population share a common identity.

regime

the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit

government

the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed

the 'comparative approach'

Examines the impact of state government on public policy

political communication

advising candidates and groups on public policy issues, usually in elections

political institutions

the means by which goals, norms, beliefs, and values, and the resultant moral standard of private individuals, small groups, and larger organizations are formalized into law.

public policy

the course of action the government takes in response to an issue or problem

political culture

an overall set of values widely shared within a society

political recruitment

the processes by which people become public participants and leaders

cultural norms

Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members

legitimacy

lawfulness by virtue of being authorized or in accordance with law

consensual political culture

citizens tend to agree on the appropriate means of making political decisions and to agree on the major problems facing the society and how to solve them

conflictual political culture

the citizens are sharply divided, often on both the legitimacy of the regime and solutions to major problems

political sub-cultures

Smaller political cultures within the overarching political culture

interest articulation

methods by which citizens express their opinions and desires to the government

modernization

making modern in appearance or behavior

post-materialist values

beliefs in the importance of policy goals beyond one's immediate self interest as well as one's prosperity and security; sometimes labeled as post modern values

political cleavage

A division between groups; it can be good or bad.

religious fundamentalism

religious movement whose objectives are to return to the foundations of the faith and to influence state policy

cross-cutting cleavage

divisions in society that cut across demographic divisions thereby reducing the effect of the differences

cultural congruence

political structures and political cultures are mutually reinforcing in stable political systems

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