A society that sees children as important and works for their good.
To train a child to live as a part of a group, such as the family, culture, or society.
The way of life within a group that includes language, beliefs, attitudes, values, rituals, and skills.
An inward force that guides a person's conduct.
The gradual process of growth through many stages, such as infancy, children, adolescence, and adulthood.
The scientific study of children from conception to adolescence.
Individual Life Cycle
A description of the stages of change people experience throughout life.
The sum of all the traits that are passed to a child from blood relatives.
The sum of all the conditions and situations that affect a child's growth and development.
Sections of the DNA molecule found in a peron's cells that determine the individual traits the person will have.
The study of the factors involved in the passing of traits from one generation of living beings to the next.
Brain cells that send and receive electrical impulses amongst each other that direct the various tasks of the brain.
Network of fibers that carry brain signals between neurons.
Long, thick cables that transmit all the signals from a neuron to other neurons.
Short, bushy cables that allow each neuron to receive signals sent by other neurons.
A tiny gap between a dendrite of one neuron and the axon of another across which electrical impulses can be transmitted.
The process of weeding out underused or weak connection between neurons.
Window of Opportunity
A prime period in a child's life for developing a particular skill if given the chance to do so.
The ability of the brain to be shaped and reshaped, which is the greatest early in life.
When a child performs like an older child.
When a child performs like a younger child.
Principles of Growth and Development
Statements of the general patterns in which growth and development take place in people.
Steps in growth and development that follow one another in a set order.
A time when a person can learn a new task because the body is physically ready, caregivers encourage and support, and the child feels a strong desire to learn.
Skills that should be mastered at a certain stage in life.
Watching children in their natural environments.
Observation done by methods other than watching children, including asking other people questions about the children and observing the products children make.