Biomedical Terminology Chap 3 - 4

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178 terms

-malacia

softening

-gram

record

-itis

inflammation

-phobia

fear

-algia

pain

-therapy

treatment

-ule

little

-osis

abnormal condition

-oid

resembling

-megaly

enlargement

-cele

hernia

-penia

deficiency

-sclerosis

hardening

-genesis

forming

-ist

specialist

-trophy

nourishment

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

-plasty

surgical repair

-ectomy

excision

-dynia

pain

-stasis

stopping

-cyte

cell

-emia

blood condition

-graphy

process of recording

-scope

instrument used to visually examine

-ptosis

prolapse

-lysis

separation, destruction

-tomy

incision

-stomy

new opening

acr/o

extremities, top, extreme point

acu/o

sharp, severe, sudden

amni/o

amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)

aden/o

gland

angi/o

vessel

arteri/o

artery

blephar/o

eyelid

chondr/o

cartilage

lapar/o

abdominal wall

inguin/o

groin

axill/o

armpit

mamm/o

breast

cyst/o

urinary bladder

isch/o

to hold back

adip/o

fatty tissue

col/o

colon (large intestines)

carcin/o

cancer

chem/o

drug, chemical

muc/o

mucus

my/o

muscle

myel/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

necr/o

death (of whole body or cells)

nephr/o

kidney

phag/o

to eat, swallow

phleb/o

vein

ren/o

kidney

staphyl/o

clusters

tonsill/o

tonsils

osteoma

tumor of bone marrow

cystocele

hernia of the urinary bladder

colostomy

new opening from the colon to the outside of the body

acrophobia

fear of heights

venule

small vein

arteriosclerosis

hardening of arteries

hemolysis

destruction of blood

-pathy

disease condition

myelogram

x-ray record with contrast

hepatomegaly

enlarged liver

tracheostomy

trachea opening to the outside

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils

pleurodynia

pain in chest wall

ophthalmology

study of the eyes

staphylococci

clusters of berry shaped bacteria

-ia

condition

-um / -ium

structure, tissue

-er

one who

Thrombocyte / platelets

clotting cells

achondroplasia

dwarfism, inherited disorder in which bones of the arms and legs fail to grow to normal size

mastectomy

removal of breast

adenoids

small masses of lymphatic tissue in the part of the throat near nose and nasal passages

monocyte

cells with one very large nucleus

lymphocyte

(lymph cells) cells that fight disease by producing antibodies

laproscopy

minimally invasive surgery l

peritoneoscopy

minimally invasive surgery p

thyr/o

thyroid gland

-contra

against

morph/o

shape

para-

abnormal

intra-

within

-cyesis

pregnancy

dactyl/o

fingers

-rrhea

discharge or flow

-ptosis

prolapse, fall or drop

seps/o

infection

-partum

birth

trans-

through

infra-

beneath

per-

surrounding

furc/o

forking or branching

-blast

embryonic

con-

together

malaise

bodily discomfort

euphoria

well being

dyspnea

difficult breathing

paralysis

loss of movement

cost/o

rib

ab-

away from

ante-

before, forward

cata-

down

contra-

against, opposite

epi-

above, upon, on

eu-

good, normal

hyper-

excessive, above, more than normal

hypo-

deficient, under, less than normal

dys-

bad, painful, difficult

dia-

through, complete

brady-

slow

pro-

before, forward

ultra-

beyond, excess

poly-

many, much

post-

after, behind

syn- / sym-

together, with

retro-

behind, backward

supra-

above, upper

intra-

in, within, into

endo-

in, within

con-

with, together

mal-

bad

meta-

beyond change

para-

abnormal, beside, near

anti-

against

carp/o

wrist bones

gloss/o

tongue

-pnea

breathing

neonatal

period between birth and 28 days

postmortem

after death

metastasis

beyond control (malignant tumor)

syndrome

group of symptoms that come together

bifurication

normal splitting into two branches

antibody

protein produced against foreign body

antibiotic

destroys or inhibits the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria

symbiosis

2 organisms that live together in peace

benign

not cancerous

dialysis

separation of waste from blood

exophthalmos

eyeballs that bulge outward

metamorphosis

condition of change of shape or form

anoxia

without oxygen

-meter

to measure

-phoria

to bear, carry; feeling (metal state)

cutane/o

skin

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