Abdominal Anatomical Regions
(1) nine region plan: by means of four imaginary planes, two of which are horizontal (indicated by lines drawn across the right and left 10" ribs and across the right and left anterior superior iliac spines) and two sagittal (indicated by lines drawn from mid point of inguinal ligament to nipples of chest, right and left sides). Upper row- right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac. Middle row - right lumbar, umbilical, left lumbar. Lower row - right inguinal (iliac), hypogastric, left inguinal (iliac). (2) Four region plan: by means of imaginary planes, one horizontal and the other mid-sagittal. Upper right quadrant, upper left quadrant, lower right quadrant, lower left quadrant.
antemortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis
to touch or contact, as with the tarsal plates of the closed eyelids
group of chemicals used in addition to vascular (arterial) and cavity embalming fluids; includes but is not limited to hardening compounds, preservative powders, sealing agents, mold preventative agents, and pack application agents.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome/AIDS
a specific group of diseases or conditions which are indicative of sever immunosuppression related to infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); person dead having had AIDS may exhibit conditions such as wasting syndrome, extrapulmonary tuberculosis, and Kaposi's sarcoma
Action Level/ AL Exposure Limits
these levels are established to ensure adequate protection of employees at exposures below the OSHA limits, but to minimize the compliance burdens for employers whose employees have exposures below the 8-hour permissible exposure limit (PEL). The AL for formaldehyde is 0.5 ppm.
that pressure which is indicated by the injector gauge needle when the arterial tube is open and the arterial solution is flowing into the body.
Adipocere (Grave Wax)
a wax-like material produced by saponification of body fat in a body buried in alkaline soil.
in the presence of free oxygen
to disperse as an aerosol; minute particles of blood and water become atomized and suspended in air when water under pressure meets the blood drainage or when flushing an undercover flush sink
intravascular, the increase of viscosity of blood brought about by the clumping of particulate formed elements in the blood vessels.
decrease in body temperature immediately before death
Agonal Coagulation (Congealing)
in reference to blood, a change from a fluid into a thickened mass
the loss of moisture from the living body during the agonal state
escape of blood serum from an intravascular to an extravascular location immediately before death
increase in body temperature immediately before death
period immediately before somatic death
post mortem cooling of the body to the surrounding temperature
Alternate Drainage (Restricted Drainage)
method if injection drainage in which embalming solutions injected and then injection is stopped while drainage is open.
American Congress of Governmental Industrial Hygienists/
an organization of professional personnel in governmental agencies or educational institutions who are employed in occupational safety and health programs
the building blocks of proteins; and the end products of protein digestion or hydrolysis, it is a compound containing an amino group (-NH2), a carboxyl (-COOH) group attached to an alpha carbon and a radical
in the absence of free oxygen.
generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue
points of origin and points of termination in relation to adjacent structures; used to designate the boundaries of arteries
the body is erect, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs pointed away from the body
localized abnormal dilation or outpocketing of a blood vessel resulting from a congenital defect or a weakness of a vessel wall
an embalming instrument used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels; has an eye in the hook position of the instrument for placing ligatures around the vessels.
an embalming instrument that is used for blunt dissection and in raising vessels, which has an eye in the hook portion of the instrument for placing ligatures around the vessels.
Angular Spring Forceps
a multipurpose instrument used in the embalming process
deviation from the normal
in front of the elbow/in the bend of the elbow
toward the front
Anterior Superior Iiac Spine
a bony protuberance, that can be palpated topographically, found on the ilium, the superior, broad portion of the hipbone; the origin of the inguinal ligament and the sartorius muscle.
ingredient of embalming fluids that retards the natural postmortem tendency of blood to become more viscous or prevents adverse reactions between blood and other embalming chemicals
condition in which the manifestations of life are feebly maintained
Arterial (Vascular) Fluid
the concentrated, preservative, embalming chemical that will be diluted with water to form the arterial solution for injection into the arterial system during vascular embalming. The purpose is for inactivating saprophytic bacteria and rendering the body tissues less susceptible to decomposition.
the mixture of arterial (vascular) fluid and water which is used for the arterial injection and may include supplemental fluids
a tube used to inject embalming fluid into the blood vascular system
disease of the arteries resulting in thickening, hardening, and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls.
place of union between two or more bones.
accumulation of serous fluids in the peritoneal cavity
freedom from infection and from any form of life; sterility
insufficient intake of oxygen resulting from any of numerous causes
withdrawal of gas, fluids, and semi-solids from body cavities and hollow viscera by means of suction with an aspirator and a trocar
fatty degeneration or thickening of walls of the larger arteries occurring in atherosclerosis
apparatus used for sterilization by steam pressure, usually at 250 F/ 121 degrees C for a specific time
self-destruction of cells; decomposition of all tissues by enzymes of their own formation without microbial assistance.
the body's own digestive enzymes that are capable of destroying body cells (autolytic decomposition).
Autopsy (Post Mortem Examination)
a postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition.
agent that destroys bacteria
agent that has the ability to inhibit or retard bacterial growth. No destruction of viability of the microorganism is implied.
resins combined with oil; a fragrant, resinous, oily exudate from various trees and plants.
Base of the Axillary Space
a carcinogen potentially produced when formaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite come into contact with each other; normally occurs only in a controlled laboratory setting and requires a catalyst.
biological agent or condition that constitutes a hazard to humans.
Biohazardous Waste (Infectious Waste)
bloodborne pathogens, blood or body fluids exposure, any potentially infective, contaminated waste associated with the preparation of human remains that constitutes a hazard to humans in the workplace
irreversible somatic death
Bischloromethyl Ether/ BCME
a carcinogen potentially produced when formaldehyde and sodium hypochlorite come into contact with each other; normally occurs only in a controlled laboratory setting and requires a catalyst
a chemical that lightens a skin discoloration
cell-containing fluid that circulates through the blood vascular system and is composed of approximately 22 % solids and 78% water
discolorations resulting from change in blood composition, content, or location, either intravascularly or extravascularly
the pressure exerted by the blood in the living body on the arterial wall measured in millimeters of mercury
Blood Vascular System
circulatory network composed of the heart, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins
Bloodborne Pathogen Rule
OSHA Reg (29CFR 1910-1030) regulating the employee's exposure to blood and other body fluids. OSHA definitions: blood, human blood, human blood components, and products made from human blood.