the belief that God was involved with the writing and/or reading of the bible
a literary technique in which an extended metaphor or story draws parallels between elements in the story and nonfictional characters and events
Biblical scholar and theologian. He is known for seeing three levels of meaning in scripture: literal, moral, and allegorical. He though the allegorical was more important than the literal.
Bishop; of Constantinople and theologian. He was a gifted preacher, and many of his homilies still survive. He advocated finding the "spiritual" meaning of biblical texts.
German leader of the Protestant Reformation who questioned a number of teachings of the Catholic Church at that times. After he was excommunicated, he translated the bible into German and wrote an influential commentary on Romans, as well as book on many theological topics. He argued scripture was the guide to what the church should believe.
The 18th century movement that said humans should rely on reason and empirical knowledge for truth. Thus, proponents often discounted the value and validity of divine revelation and religious tradition.
(1) in the early church, this was the view that scripture is full of meaning, so a single text has multiple meanings (literal, allegorical, and spiritual). (2) In the twentieth century, plenary inspiration refers to the view that words of the Bible come directly from God and so contain no scientific, historical, geographical, or any other sort of mistake.
term used of scripture to claim that it is without any mistakes of any kind (history, science, geography, and so on). Others use the term to signify that Scripture is without error in religious teachings, though it may not have all historical and scientific facts correct
a movement that originated in the nineteenth century in opposition to the use of Enlightenment methods and though in the areas of theology and biblical studies. In the twentieth century, a conservative social agenda became part of the movement.