Dates for the Hebrews
The Hebrews spoke
Heb. clashed with who upon entering promised land??
Heb. slowly transitioned into what??
Established United/Seperate kingdom
United kingdom of Israel
1st king of Israel
Saul was chosen by who?
became ming w/o regard descended into madness
failed to obey
2nd king of Isaelites
David was chosen by who?
What did David do?
Reunited Israelites, deaf. Philistines and establish control over Canaan
Jerusalem was called?
City of David
Solomon was know for?
his wisdom and building making
Solomon was king when?
At Israel's peak
Temple of Jerusalem
where God was present
How was the United Kingdom divided
God kept his promise to Solomon
North was the kingdom of?
How many tribes did the KoI had?
South was the kingdom of?
How many tribes did the KoJ have?
What was the capital of KoI?
What was the capital of KoJ
what happen to the north kingdom
Israel was forced to pay tribute to Assyria
o Assyria over ran the kingdom
what happen to the south kingdom
Forced to pay tribute
o Survived as an independent state
o Chaldeans concurred south
what happen to the Assyrians??
Chaldeans > Assyria
King of the Chaldeans?
King Nebuchadnezzar II concurred Judah
What happen to the Chaldeans?
• Persians > Chaldeans
Israel religion at first?
Israel religion after?
3 aspects of Jewish religion
covenant, law, prophets
• made during Exodus
• Obey God's law - God will take care of you
• 10 commandments
• regulation of economic, social and political life
o Yahweh's voice to his people
o warning of future
all will be saved
Social structure of the Hewbrews
Tribal -> monarchy leads to settlement in towns
two groups of Hebrew people
• "men of rank and influence" - king officials, military officers, civil officials, governors
• "people of the land" - free people
no merchant class
Father of the hebrew family
Goal for marriage
Neighbors of the Israelites
Philistines and Phoenicians
Philistines conflict with Israelites
Invaded Canaan from the sea settled as farmers
Byblos, Tyre, Sidon
papyrus distrib. In ancient Palestine
Phoenician most famous colony (N. Africa coast)
alphabet -> Greeks -> Romans
brutal conqueror/terror set pattern for later rulers
new conquest into Canaan and Babylonia
o Continuous warfare
Tiglath-Pileser III and Sargon II
ended constant battle and gained control of Mesopotamia and Canaan
one of the strongest ruler
o After death, Assyrian Empire fell apart within
o Large Armies (strongest army )
o Well organized/disciplined
o 1st large army with iron weapons
Assyrian Military tactics
• Guerrilla warfare
• Siege warfare
• Terror/brutal treatment of prisoners
polyglot (mix lang.)
Chief god - king = man form of Ashur
Assyrian basis of life
farming villages/sufficient rainfallmoisture from
• Guardians of Sumerian and Babylonian culture
Relief sculpture - strong masculine theme
when did the capital of Nineveh fell
who deaf. ass.?
Where did the hebrew people go after ass. fell
Chaldean defeat Egypt, gain Syria and Canaan, destroy Jerusalem, carry people of Judah into exile intro Babylon
o Babylonian prosperity
lush agricultural lands, profitable trade routs and industries
center of empire
Chaldeans Fell to the
Persians in 539BC
Cyrus the Great (559-539) BC
Conquered Kingdom of Lydia
Conquered Greek city-states Conquered Mesopotamia
let the Jews in Babylon return to Jerusalem to rebuild their temple
o Great leader, merciful, just
• Cyrus' son
• Conquered Egypt
o Darius the Great
• Strengthen empire and built canal to link Red Sea and Mediterranean
• Expand into W. India
• Invasion and Defeat in Greece
• Each province ruled by satrap
o Efficient Communication
• Royal Road from Sardis to Susa
The Great King
o All subjects - servants to the king
o Military power
never allowed to drop below 10,000
weaken the Persian empire
o Over taxing the people
E. PERSIAN RELIGION
Prophet of "true religion"
• "Wise Lord" - deity of Iranians
• Struggle between good and evil