activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing
newer understanding of short-term memory that involves conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information
unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequence
conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in consciousness or to encode it for storage
tendency for distributed study or practice to yield better long-term retention than is achieved through massed study or practice
momentary sensory memory of auditory stimuli; sounds can be recalled within 3 or 4 seconds
long-term potentiation (LTP)
increase in synapse's firing potential after brief, rapid stimulation
memory of facts and experiences that one can consciously know and "declare"
neural center that is located in limbic system and helps process explicit memories for storage
memory measure that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time
tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood
in psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes from consciousness anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories
attributing to the wrong source an event we have experienced, heard about, read about, or imagined
the processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously; the brain's natural mode of information processing for many functions, doing many things at once
The process of repeatedly verbalizing or thinking about a piece of information.
A memory technique that involves thinking about the meaning of the term to be remembered, as opposed to simply repeating the word to yourself over and over.
This is the tendency for the first items presented in a series to be remembered better or more easily, or for them to be more influential than those presented later in the series.
It refers to memories which can be consciously recalled such as facts and events.
A type of long-term memory of how to perform different actions and skills. Essentially, it is the memory of how to do certain things.
A category of long-term memory that involves the recollection of specific events, situations and experiences.
State Dependent Memory
Learning that takes place in one situation or "state" is generally better remembered later in a similar situation or state.
Atkinson's most fundamental and far-reaching contribution to cognitive psychology is the Atkinson-Shiffrin model (with Richard M. Shiffrin), one of the most significant advances in the study of human memory. It put a theory of memory on a mathematical basis for the first time.
He was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect. He was also the first person to describe the learning curve.
He was an American psychologist and behaviorist well-remembered for his influential contributions to the study of learning and memory. His failure to find a single biological locus of memory in the rat's brain (or "engram", as he called it) suggested to him that memories were not localized to one part of the brain, but were widely distributed throughout the cerebral cortex.
She is an American psychologist and expert on human memory. She has conducted extensive research on the misinformation effect and the nature of false memories.
Oliver Sacks, M.D. is a physician, a best-selling author, and professor of neurology and psychiatry at the Columbia University Medical Center. He is best known for his collections of neurological case histories, including The Man who Mistook his Wife for a Hat (1985), Musicophilia: Tales of Music and the Brain (2007) and The Mind's Eye (2010). Awakenings (1973).
He is an American psychologist. His research has focused on psychological and biological aspects of human memory and amnesia, with a particular emphasis on the distinction between conscious and nonconscious forms of memory and, more recently, on brain mechanisms of memory distortion.