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Fiction

narrative writing drawn from the imagination rather than history or fact

Non-fiction

writing drawn from history and fact rather than the imagination

Novel

broad term used to designate any extended fictional narrative almost always in prose

Novel of incident

a novel in which the main focus is on the course and outcome of events in the plot

Novel of character

the main focus is on the protagonists thoughts, feeling, and motives

Bildungsroman

novel that depicts the intellectual and emotional development of the protagonist from childhood into adulthood

Novella

a short novel

Short story

broad term used to designate any short fictional narrative almost always in prose

Setting

the background (time and place) in which the action is presented

Plot

the narrative of events. (Answers the question: What happens?)

Conflict

the struggle between opposing forces. (Can be either internal or external)

Climax

the turning point in the plot

Denouement

the final unraveling of the plot

Characterization

the creation and portrayal of imaginary persons

Protagonist

the main character

Antagonist

the character/force directly opposed to the protagonist

Dynamic

character that grows or develops during the course of the story

Static

a character that does not change during the course of the story

Foil

a character who serves as a contrast to another character

Style

the personality of a work distinctive to an author

Narrative

the account of events (a story)

Tone

attitudes toward the subject and toward the audience implied in a literary work

Theme/Aboutness

the central thought or idea. It is the abstract concept that is made concrete through representation in person, action, and image

So-whatness

overall commentary on the theme of a work

Foreshadowing

important clues that prepare the reader for events to come

Metaphor

an analogy identifying one object with another

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