a mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet; this range contains the world's highest mountain.
a wind system affecting the climate of India and S. Asia; reverses direction seasonally, producing a wet season and a dry season
Indo-European speaking nomads who entered India from the Central Asian steppes between 1500 and 1000 BC and greatly affected Indian society.
An ancient Indic language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written
clusters of caste groups in Aryan society; four social castes - Brahmans (priests), warriors, merchants, and peasants; beneath the 4 Aryan castes was a group of socially untouchable dasas
a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
a Hindu discipline aimed at training the consciousness for a state of perfect spiritual insight and tranquility.
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
In Hinduism, dharma stands for law, obligation and duty. To follow one's dharma, it means to perform and live life as one should.
religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha; taught that the way to find truth was to give up all desires
founder of Buddism; born a prince; left his father's wealth to find the cause of human suffering; also know as Buddha
any place of complete bliss and delight and peace
grandson of Chandragupta; most honored emperor for his commitment to spreading peace and prosperity to all; was buddhist but accepted other religions; decline came after his death
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)
A member of a group of English Puritans fleeing religious persecution who sailed in the Mayflower and founded the colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620
Chinese Buddhist monk who traveled to India in search of documents about the teachings of the Buddha
sacred texts in the Hindu religion, they are a set of four collections of hymns and religious ceremonies transmitted by memory through the centuries by Aryan priests
(Hinduism) the sacred 'song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic)
most famous mathematician of the Gupta Empire and the first scientist known to have used algebra
(Yangtze River) the longest river in Asia, flowing about 3,400 miles from central China to the Yellow Sea
an upper class whose wealth is based on land and whose power is passed on from one generation to another
Mandate of Heaven
a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source
the proper "Way" that a king was expecfted to rule in order to please the gods and protect the people
in Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors
A Chinese philosopher of the Zhou Dynasty, developed a code of behavior based on old traditions, good behavior, and truth.
philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
a mystic philosopher of ancient China, and is a central figure in Daoism
Nomadic village in the North that posed a threat to the Qin dynasty and prompted the building of the great wall