AP US History: Unit 1 Review

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NOT ALL THE INFORMATION INCLUDED includes bellringers and review day questions

the term for a corporation that allowed investors to pul their financial resources to establish colonies

Joint-Stock Company

a royal document that granted a specific group the right to form a colony and guaranteed settlers their rights as a English settler

charter

the term for people obligated to forced labor for a fixed number of years in return for passage to the New World

indentured servant

primary staple crop of early Virginia, Maryland, and North Carolina

tobacco

the only southern colony with a slave majority

South Carolina

the primary plantation crop of South Carolina

grain (rice)

the colony founded as a safe haven for Catholics

Maryland

the site of the first permanent english colony

Jamestown, Virginia

founded as a buffer between Spain and the English colonies; debtors and criminals were sent here by the English

Georgia

an agreement by the Pilgrims to establish a civil body politic and submit to majority rule

Mayflower Compact

the basic political institution of New England in which all freemen gathered to elect officials and debate local affairs

town meeting

a plan by the Puritan ministers to offer partial church membership through baptism

Halfway Covenant

small but profitable trade route that linked New England, Africa, and the West Indies

Triangular Trade

an emotional religious revival of the 1730s and 1740s

The Great Awakening

the dominant religious group in the Massachusetts Bay Colony

Puritans

religious group that settled primarily in Pennsylvania

Quakers

a rebellion led by angry frontiersmen in Virginia against the governor because he did not offer enough protection against the Indian raids

Bacon's Rebellion

started with adolescent girls and ended with death of 20 people

Salem Witchcraft Trials

a rebirth of languages and sciences throughout Europe as well as colonies

Enlightenment

the period in which the colonies were free to live as they pleased and trade with various countries

Salutary Neglect

the term given to the plan to increase education by requiring towns of 50 or more families to have a primary school

New England Model/Standard

the term given to William Penn's plan to create Pennsylvania as a safe haven for many religions

Holy Experiment

the term given to the concept of farming for survival

subsistance farming

the largest city in all of the colonies until the mid 1700s

Philadelphia

the term given to the act that created Maryland as a safe haven to Catholics

Act of Toleration

the term given to those who were predestined for heaven

Saints/Elect

the person who founded Rhode Island as a safe haven for Catholics

Roger Williams

name the first Constitution in America

The Fundamental Order of Connecticut

an alliance formed to provide protection for the northern colonies

New England Confederation

the first government created to control colonies created by the king

Dominion of New England

the founder and governor of Georgia

James Oglethorpe

founder of Maryland

Lord Baltimore/Calverts

the harshest part of the slave trip in which many died because of conditions

Middle Passage

key jobs that made the New England economy

shipbuilders, merchants, farmers

the country which originally claimed New York

Netherlands/Dutch

the colonies that comprise the New England region

Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire

the colonies that comprise the Middle region

Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Delaware

the colonies that comprise the the Chesapeake region

Virginia, Maryland

the colonies that comprise the Southern region

Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina

reasons for the settlement of North America

religion, gold (money), abundant amount of criminals, glory, land, resources

the culture of Indian peoples was shaped primarily by these two traditions:

the practice of foraging and farming

among the MOST important contributions that the Spanish made to the New World in the continental exchange was/were:

domesticated animals and livestock

the MOST important reason for the population decline that occurred in native population in the wake of the Spanish conquest

disease

by establishing a "frontier of inclusion" the Spanish developed communities:

of large-mixed ancestry groups

French interest in the Indians was based primarily in

commercial concerns

the cultivation of tobacco by the English colonists

created pressure for more expansion into Indian territory

the Plymouth colony was

a successful and strong community

the Puritans were unique in the seventeenth century colonies of North America because of their

impressive educational system

the LEAST true of community life in the Chesapeake of the 1600s

colonists were developing a distinctive American culture

Maryland was the only English colony in North America with a substantial MINORITY of

Catholics

About half of the slaves imported to the New World between 1701 and 1810 were delivered to

the Caribbean Basin

Before the 1730s, the most profitable activity of the early Carolina economy was

the Indian slave trade

During the 18th century, the middle colonies exhibited certain characteristics that distinguished them from New England. Among these was/were

high rates of mobility

English authority made the Church of England the official state religion in

the Chesapeake colonies

Eighteenth century slave masters were reluctant to allow their slaves to become Christians because

they feared Christianity would give the slaves dangerous ideas about freedom

the majority of farmers of eighteenth century North America were interested in

small self-sufficient communities

an Enlightenment thinker would emphasize that

humans were capable of understanding natural laws and using them to improve their condition

the Great Awakening had its deepest effects in

the young people

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