Chapter 2 Lesson 4 Native American West

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technology

the ways in which people apply knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs

Tlingit

Native American people of the Northwest Coast had such an abundance of food from the sea that they had the time to create much art and technology

potlatch

on the northwest coast of north america, a ceremonial event in which a village chief publicly gives away stockpiled food and other goods that signify wealth

Sitka

a town in southeastern Alaska that was the capital of Russian America and served as the capital of Alaska from 1867 until 1906

totem poles

Tall posts carved and painted with a series of animal symbols associated with a particular family or clan., Common among Native American clans. The term refers to a natural object with which an individual clan or group indentifies itself. Also a symbol of unity of a clan and can define relationships or behaviors of a group.

the Northwest coast

- Inhabited B.C for more than 10,000 years
- Concerned with rank and privilege.
- Created Totem Poles.
- Ritual dances were also important.
- Houses and Canoes were made of Cedar wood.
- Created the Potlatch.
- Natural Resources - land, water, cedar, and salmon.
- Social Organization was based on rank and privileges.

salmon run

every year salmon would swim from sea against the flow to fresh water rivers, to lay their eggs. It was a important event for Northwest Coast people.

Vitus Bering

Danish explorer who explored the northern Pacific Ocean for the Russians and discovered the Bering Strait (1681-1741) Alaska became Russian colony. In 1867 US purchase Alaska from Russia.

Alaska Native Claims Settlement

Law that returned control of over 44 million acres fo Native American homeland to original owners.

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