General Literary Terms (worrall)

44 terms by Mpelch 

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Fiction

Prose writing that tells about imaginary characters and events.

Short Story

a brief work of fiction. 1 main character faces conflict that is resolved in the plot

Plot

The sequence of events in a literary work-mostly between both characters and central conflict

Exposition

writing or speech that explains a process or present s information (introduces characters, settings)

Inciting Action

introduces central conflict

Rising Action

All of the events leading up to the climax

Complication

1st problem that arises in a work of literature

Central Conflict

struggle between opposing characters

Climax

a high point of interest or suspense

Resolution

the conflict is resolved and a general insight may be conveyed

Falling Action

leads to resolution

Setting

time and place of action

Character

person or animal who takes part in the action of a literary work.

Protagonist

Main Character

Character-Flat

shows only one trait

Character- Round

shows many different traits, faults as well as virtues

Character- Dynamic

devolopes and grows during course of story

Character- Static

does not change

Stereotype

Taking a group of people and judging them as one

Characterization

act of creativity and developing a character traits

Characterization-direct

author directly states a characteristic traits

Characterization-indirect

: author gives clues about character by describing what a character looks like, ideas, and says, as well as how others react to him or her

Conflict

struggle between opposing characters

Antagonist

character or force in conflict with main character, protagonist

Protagonist

the main character in a work of fiction

External Conflict

main character struggles with outside force
(man vs. man/man vs. nature/man vs. society/man vs. supernatural)

Internal Conflict

character in conflict with themselves (man vs. himself)

point of view

perspective from which the story is told

point of view- 1st person

character in story tells the story

point of view- 3rd person

when a voice outside the story narrates

point of view- 3rd person-omniscient

all-knowing, can tell readers what any character thinks and feels

point of view- 3rd person-limited

sees world through one characters eyes and reveals only that characters

theme

central message or insight into life revealed through literary work

mood

feeling created in a reader by literary work-often suggested

suspense

feeling of uncertainty about the outcomes of events in literary work

foreshadowing

the use in a literary work of clues that suggests events that have yet to occur

flashback

means by which author presents material that occurred earlier that present

dialogue

conversation between two characters; may reveal traits and advance action of narrative

dialect

special form of language, spoken by people in a particular group/region

Irony

general term for literary techniques that portray differences between appearance and reality, or expectation and result

Irony of situation

event that directly contradicts the expectations of characters, reader, or audience.

Verbal Irony

words are used to suggest opposite of what is meant

Symbolism

character, thing, or idea that stands for something else, often abstract.

tone

writers attitude toward his or her audience and subject.

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