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Boston Tea Party

A December 16, 1773, event. Sons of Liberty response to Britain's Tea Act in which 342 chests of tea were thrown into Boston Harbor. Supposedly led by Samuel Adams' "Indians".

Stamp Act

British law passed in 1765 that taxed items like legal documents, playing cards, dice, almanacs, calendars, etc.

Quartering Act

British law that required colonists to house and give British soldiers various supplies

Lexington and Concord

Two towns west of Boston that were the sites of the first Revolutionary War battles on April 19, 1775. "Shot heard round the world"

Intolerable Acts

Colonial name for the Coercive Acts

Coercive Acts

Several British laws designed to punish colonists for their role in the Boston Tea Party. The most famous of the acts shut down Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for.

Saratoga

Turning point battle of the Revolution near New York. On Oct 17, 1777, US General Horatio Gates defeated GB General John Burgoyne. This battle was a watershed because France signed a treaty of alliance with the US after it.

Yorktown

October 20, 1781 Patriot victory in Virginia that was the last major battle of the Revolution.

Proclamation of 1763

British law passed after the French and Indian War that said colonists could not settle west of the Appalachians.

Boston Massacre

March 5, 1770 event where British soldiers fired into a violent crowd of colonists. 5 were killed.

Sons of Liberty

Patriotic group established by Samuel Adams. They helped to enforce non-importation agreements, tarred and feathered Loyalists and were the catalyst behind the Boston Tea Party.

Common Sense

A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that told colonists to get on with it and declare independence.

The American Crisis

A pamphlet written by Tom Paine during the darkest days of the Revolution for the Patriots that spurred them to keep fighting. "The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot..."

Coercive Acts

Also called the Intolerable Acts. They were passed by Britain to punish Boston for the Tea Party. The best known act shut down Boston Harbor until restitution was made.

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