4.4 Inpt Care Environment

19 terms by AFdlm 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

auscultation

the act of listening for sounds within the body

dorsal recumbent

lying on the back, in the supine position, with the knees flexed

lithotomy

lying supine with the hips and knees flexed; used to assess the female genitalia and genital tract

percussion

a technique in physical examination of tapping the body with the fingertips toevaluate the size, borders, and consistency of some internal organs

olfaction

using the sense of smell

otoscope

instrument used to examine the external ear, the eardrum and the ossicles

opthalmoscope

instrument used to check pupillary reaction to light and to inspect the inner eye.

vaginal speculum

bi valved instrument, with two opening blades used for inspection of the vag cav. EMT-B's not authorized to use this.

sphygmomanometer

instrument used to measure blood pressure

periodontal probe

instrument with a long blunt working end calibrated with one to ten millimeter markings that is used to measure periodontal pockets in the gums

explorer

an instrument, with a sharp pointed end, used for exploring the mouth, which helps the examiner detect breaks in enamel, check severity of decay and location popcorn husks and toothpick fragments

Physical Examination

is performed for routine screening, to promote wellness behaviors, for preventative health care measures, to determine eligibility for military service, and to determine the need for admission to a hospital or long term care facility.

Four Skills involved in a Physical Exam

Inspection, Palpation, Percussion, and Auscultation (olfaction may also be considered a skill)

Possible bowel obstruction

vomit with a feces odor

Possible infection

a cast with a musty odor

Possible diabetic acidosis

breath with a sweet, fruity odor

A general survey includes...

Gender, Age, sex, signs of distress, posture, body type, motor activity, gait, dress/grooming, hygiene, mental status, VS, systems check

PERRLA

pupils equal round and reactive to light, accomodation (do eyes adjust to objects as they are close and far away)

Reflex hammer

used to assess sensory and motor pathways; common tendon reflexes include the biceps, triceps, patellar and Achilles.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set