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stanza

...

iambic pentameter

5 iams -duh-dum- [serious, formal]

iambic tetrameter

4 iams [light, happy, musical]

couplet

2 rhyming lines

quatrain

4 rhyming lines

octave

8 rhyming lines

enjambment

line cannot make sense as a sentence unless you keep reading to the next line

end-stopping

the thought so far could make sense as a sentence

diction

word choice

syntax

sentence structure

denotation

literal dictionary definition

connotation

emotion or image that the word evokes

cacophony

bad/chaotic sounds

euphony

pleasing sounds

speaker

the person who is telling us the story of the poem

alliteration

the same starting sounds

assonance

where the vowels' sounds are the same in each line, but not the consonants'

consonance

consonants' sounds in each line are the same, but not the vowels'

slant rhyme

words sound like they rhyme but they don't exactly
ex: easy | dizzy

true rhyme

words that actually rhyme

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