Vocabulary for the College Bound Student Chapter 3 Sets 21-25

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59 terms

analogy

likeness in some respects between things otherwise different; similarity; comparison

arbitrary

autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy

arbitrate

1.) decide a dispute, acting as a judge 2.) submit a dispute

axiom

self-evident truth; maxim

axiomatic

self-evident; universally accepted as true

bias

opinion formed before there are grounds for it; prejudice; predilection; partiality

bigoted

intolerant; narrow-minded

bigotry

views or behavior of one intolerantly devoted to one's own beliefs and prejudices; narrow-mindedness; intolerance

cogitate

think over; consider with care; ponder; deliberate

criterion

standard; rule or tests for judging

crux

most important point; essential part

deduce

derive by reasoning; infer

dilemma

situation requiring a choice between two equality bad alternatives; predicament

dogmatic

asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated; asserted without proof; doctrinaire

eclectic

choosing (ideas, methods, etc.) from various sources; selective

fallacious

based on an erroneous idea; misleading; deceptive

fallible

liable to be mistaken

heterodox

rejecting regularly accepted beliefs or doctrines; heretical; nonconformist

hypothetical

supposed; having the characteristics of a supposition made as a basis for reasoning or research

illusion

misleading appearance; false impression; misconception

indubitable

certain; incontrovertible; indisputable

orthodox

generally accepted, especially in religion; conventional; approved

paradoxical

having the characteristics of being a self-contradictory statement which may nevertheless be true

plausible

apparently trustworthy; superficially true or reasonable

preposterous

senseless; absurd; irrational

rational

1.) able to think clearly; having the power to reason 2.) based on or agreeable to reason; intelligent; sensible; sane

rationalize

invent excuses for one's actions, desires, failures, etc.

sophistry

clever but deceptive reasoning

specious

superficially true, reasonable, attractive, or just, but not really so

speculate

1.) reflect; meditate; conjecture 2.) buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations

tenable

capable of being maintained or defended; defensible

amorphous

shapeless; having no definite form; unorganized

concave

curved inward, creating a hollow space

contour

outline of a figure

distort

1.) twist out of shape 2.) change from the true meaning

malleable

1.) capable of being shaped by hammering, as a metal 2.) adaptable; pliant

rotund

1.) rounded out; plump 2.) full-toned

sinuous

bending in and out; winding; serpentine

symmetrical

balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line into similar halves

symmetry

balance; harmony

grave

deserving serious attention; weighty; momentous

nugatory

of little or no value; trifling; worthless; useless

paltry

practically worthless; trashy; piddling; petty

paramount

chief; above others; supreme

relevant

bearing upon the matter in hand; pertinent

coy

pretending to be shy

demure

1.) falsely modest or serious; coy 2.) grave; prim

diffident

lacking self-confidence; unduly timid; shy

modest

not thinking too highly of one's merits; unpretentious; humble

modesty

freedom from conceit or vanity; unpretentiousness; humility

staid

settled; of quiet disposition; sedate

brazen

1.) shameless; impudent 2.) made of brass or bronze

egoism

excessive concern for oneself; selfishness; conceit

ostentatious

done to impress others; showy; pretentious

overweening

thinking too highly of oneself; arrogant; presumptuous

pert

1.) too free in speech or action; bold; saucy; impertinent 2.) lively; spirited

vain

1.) conceited; excessively proud or concerned about one's personal appearance or achievements 2.) empty; worthless 3.) futile

vainglorious

excessively proud or boastful; elated by vanity

vanity

condition of being too vain about one's appearance or achievements; conceit

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