|Thyroid|| The hormone that is used is thyroxine|
Target cells is most
Its main effects are the increase is metabolic rate and therefore oxygen consumption and heat production
|Parathyroids|| Hormone used is Parathyroid hormone|
target cells are the bones and kidneys.
Its effects are the increase levels of calcium in the blood.
|Thymus|| Hormone used is Thymosins|
Target cells are T Lymphocytes
Its effects are the stimulation of development and maturation of T lymphocytes
|Adrenal Cortex||Hormone used is corticosteriods including:|
Aldosterone which has the target cells for the kidney and its effects are the increase in the reabsorption of sodium ions and the excretion of potassium ions.
Cortisol which effects most cells and effects the promotion of normal metabolisim, helps with the body dealing with stress and promotes repair of damaged tissues.
|Arenal Medulla|| Hormones used are Noradrenaline and adrenaline|
It effects most tissues
It prepares the body for the F.F.F response and reinforces the effects of the sympathetic nervous system.
|Pancreas|| Hormones used are:|
Insulin- Effects most cells and stimulates the uptake of glucose which lowers blood glucose levels.
Glucagon- effects the liver and fat storage tissues and stimulates breakdown of glycogen and fat which increases the blood glucose levels.
|Testes|| Hormone used is Androgens.|
It effects many tissues.
It stimulates sperm production; growth of skeleton and muscles and male sex characteristics.
|Ovaries|| Hormones used are:|
Oestrogens which effect many tissues. It stimulates the development of female characteristics; regulate the menstrual cycle.
Progesterone which effects the uterus and the mammary glands. It regulates menstrual cycle and pregnancy; Prepares the mammary glands for milk secretion.