Psychological qualities that bring continuity to an individual's behavior in different siutations and at different times.
Freud's system of treatment for mental disorders
Freud's theory of personality.
Psychic domain of which the individual is not aware, but which is the storehouse of repressed impulses, drives, and conflicts that are unavailable to consciousness.
Drives people toward acts that are sexual, life-giving, and creative.
Drives people to experience sensual pleasure.
Drives people toward agressive and destructive behaviors.
Primitive, unconscious portion of personality, houses most basic drives and stores repressed memories.
Mind's storehouse of values, moral attitudes learned from parents and society, same as common notion of conscience.
Conscious, rational part of personality, charged with keeping peace betweem superego and id.
Successive, instinctive patterns of associating pleasure with stimulations of specific bodily areas at different times of life.
Occurs when psychosexual development is arrested at an immature stage.
According to Freud, a largely unconscious process whereby boys displace an erotic attraction toward their to females of their own age and, at the same time, identify with their fathers.
The mental process by which an individual tries to become like another person, especially the same-sex parent.
According to Freud, the female desire to have a penis- a condition that usually results in their attraction to males.
ego defense mechanisms
Largely unconscious mental strategies employed to reduce the experience of conflict or anxiety.
Blocking a threatening idea, memory, or emotion from consciousness.
Attributing one's own unacceptable feelings and impulses to someone else.
Transforming anxiety-producing thoughts or feelings into their opposites in consciousness.
Returning to more primitive levels of behavior in defense against anxiety or frustration.
Justifying one's behavior or failures by offering plausible or socially acceptable reasons in place of the real reason.
Refusing to admit that something unpleasant is happening, or that a taboo emotion is being experience. ________ blocks or distorts perception; repression blocks or distorts memory.
Personality assessment instruments based on Freud's concept of projection.
Freud's assumption that all mental and behavioral reactions are caused by unconscious traumas, desires, or conflicts.
Portion of the unconscious corresponding roughly to Freud's id.
Jung's addition to the unconscious, involving a reservoir for instinctive "memories" including the archetypes, which exist in all people.
The male archetype.
The female archetype.
Archetype representing the destructive and agressive tendencies we don't want to recognize in ourselves.
The Jungian dimension that focuses on inner experience- one's own thoughts and feelings, making the introvert less outgoing and sociable than the extrovert.
The Jungian personality dimension involving turning one's attention outward, toward others.
An emotion that gives a sense of uncertainty and loneliness on a hostile world and can lead to maladjustment.
Signs of neurosis in Horney's theory, these ten needs are normal desires carried to a neurotic extreme.
A feeling of inferiority that is largely unconscious, with its roots in childhood.
Making up for one's real or imagined deficiencies.
Position one has among siblings.
Stable personality characteristics that are presumed to exist within the individual and guide his or her thoughts and actions under various conditions.
Form the basis of personality.
Include preferences and attitudes.
Define peoples lives.
Healthy individuals who have met their basic needs and are free to be creative and fulfill their potentials.
fully functioning person
Term for a healthy, self-actualizing individual, who has a self-concept that is both positive and congruent with reality.
Our psychological reality, composed of one's perceptions and feelings.
unconditional positive regard
Love or caring without conditions attached.
Movement within psychology focusing on the desirable aspects of human functioning, as opposed to an emphasis on psychopathology.
Process of learning new responses by watching the behavior of others.
Process in which the person, situation, and environment mutually influence each other.
locus of control
An individual's sense of where his or her life influences originate.
Four bodily fluids that, according to ancient theory, control personality by their relative abundance.
Basic, pervasive personality dispositions that are apparent in early childhood and establish the tempo and mood of an individual's behaviors.
Especially important dimensions or clusters of traits that are not only central to a person's personality but are found with essentially the same pattern in many people.
A test measures what it claims to measure.
Theoretical dispute concerning the relative contribution of personality factors and situational factors in controlling behavior.