Asepsis and Infection Control

28 terms by shay107

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Aerobic

requires oxygen to live and grow

Anaerobic

can live without oxygen

Antibody

immunoglobulin produced in response to a specific antigen

Antimicrobial

antibacterial agent that kills bacteria/suppresses their growth

Asepsis

using methods to prevent infection

Bacteria

the most significant and most commonly observed infection-causing agent

Disinfection

process used to destroy microorganisms; destroys all pathogentic organisms except spores

Endemic

something that occurs with predictability in one specific region/population

Endogenous

infection in which the causative organism comes from microbial life the person himself/herself harbors

Exogenous

infection in which the causative organism is acquired from outside the host

Fungi

plant-like organisms (molds & yeasts) that can cause infection

Heath-care associated infection (HAI)

an infection that was not present on admission to the hospital and develops during the course of treatment for other conditions

Host

animal or person on or within which organisms live

Iatrogenic infection

infection that occurs as a result of a treatment/diagnostic procedure

Infection

disease state resulting from pathogens in or on the body

Isolation

protective procedure designed to prevent the transmission of specific microorganisms

Medical Asepsis

practices designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens

Nosocomial

something originating or taking place in the hospital

Pathogen

disease-producing microorganism

Personal-Protective equipment (PPE)

gloves, gowns, masks, and protective eye gear designed to minimize/prevent the heath-care worker's exposure to infectious material

Reservoir

natural habitat for the growth and multiplication of microorganisms

Standard Precautions

CDC precautions used in the care of all patients regardless of their diagnosis/possible infection status

Sterilization

(1) the process by which all microorganisms including spores are destroyed (2) surgical procedure performance to render a person infertile

Surgical Asepsis

practices that render and keep objects and areas free from microorganisms

Transmission-Based Precautions

CDC precautions used in patients known/suspected to be infected with pathogens that can be transmitted by airborne, droplet, or contact routes

Vector

nonhuman carriers, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and lice, that transmit organisms from one host to another

Virulence

ability to produce disease

Virus

smallest of all microorganisms

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