AP Terms for Romeo and Juliet

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20 terms

Personification

giving human characteristics to non-human things

Allusion

a reference to another work of literature, person, or event

Hyperbole

a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect

Paradox

a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth

Symbol

an object that is used to represent something else (usually a larger, philosophical and more important idea)

Conceit

vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one's own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)

Repetition

repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis

Exclamation

a sentence that shows strong feeling. it ends with an exclamation point (!).

Assonance

Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity

Apostrophe

The direct addressing of a person, an inanimate entity, or an abstract quality as though it were present and listening.

Metaphor

comparison without using like or as

Euphemism

Not speaking directly to avoid unpleasantness.

Ironic

contrary to what is expected; containing irony

Simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

Understatement

saying less than one means, for effect

Anaphora

repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses

Allegory

an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances

Litotes

understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)

Internal Rhyme

a rhyme between words in the same line

End Rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

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