The world's longest river, which flows northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea.
The southern region of ancient Egypt, named so because it was located upriver with the Nile's flow.
The northern region of ancient Egypt, named so because it was located downriver with the Nile's flow.
Created 1st Dynasty, united Upper and Lower Egypt.
Book of the Dead
Collection of religious spells which were thought to be helpful to the deceased in the afterlife.
The world's largest desert (3,500,000 square miles) in northern Africa.
A huge stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics, Greek, and a later form of Egyptian that allowed historians to understand Egyptian writing.
Pharaoh of Egypt around 1358 BC, youngest pharoh, restored old gods, died at an early age.
Akhenaten, known as Amenhotep IV at the start of his reign, was a Pharaoh of the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt.
Also known as the Huang-He river. The second longest river in China and the sixth longest in the world. The majority of ancient Chinese civilizations originated in the Yellow River Valley.
1525-1028 BC the Chinese started casting bronze, building horse-drawn chariots, and cultivating silkworms. They developed a system of writing.
The Zhou dynasty (1022 B.C. to 256 B.C.) lasted longer than any other in Chinese history, and the use of iron was introduced to China during this time.
A fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae.
The dialect of Chinese spoken in Beijing and adopted as the official language for all of China.
A ceramic made of fine clay baked at very high temperatures.
The branch of physics that studies celestial bodies and the universe as a whole.
A major river in Southwest Asia; with the Euphrates River it defined the "land between the rivers" known as Mesopotamia.
A river in southwestern Asia that flows through the southern part of the Fertile Crescent; parallel to the Tigris River.
A large piece of fabric (as canvas) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel.
People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BC. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cuneiform, and religious conceptions.
Patterns or pictures made by embedding small pieces of stone or glass in cement on surfaces such as walls and floors.
The chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia.
A river in South Asia that flows from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea.
A large ancient city of the Indus civilization, created in present-day Pakistan.
Indus Valley city laid out in a grid pattern. Had a complex irrigation and sewer system.
A mountain range extending 1500 miles on the border between India and Tibet.
Architectural structure located at Mohenjo-Daro of the Indus Valley civilization used by the population for cleansing.
Nomads from Europe and Asia who migrated to India and finally settled; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system.
The first writing system of the Aryans, developed around 1000 B.C.