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Defense Mechanisms Test

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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Rationalization
  2. acting out behaviors
  3. Devaluation
  4. Dissociation
  5. Regression
  1. a The most common ego defense mechanism,reffered to as self deception at its subtle best.rationalization is used to unconciously justify ideas,actions,or feelings with good,acceptable reasons or explanations.generally it is used to maintain self respect,prevent guilt feelings,and obtain social approval or acceptance.(a teenage girl who is not invited to prom tells her friend johnny really wanted to take me but he felt sorry for susie and took her)
  2. b expresses negative thoughts of self or others(a person who is passed up for a promotions states that the job is not better than the one that he has now)
  3. c The act of seperation and detaching a strong emotionallly charged conflict from ones conciousness. This detached info is blocked from concious awareness,which allows the person to defer or postpone experiencing an emotional impact.(a raped woman found wadering in the road,when examined she exibited symptoms of traumatic amnesia.)
  4. d Retreating to past levels of behavior that reduce anxiety,allow one to feel more confortable and permit dependancy. (a 27 year old acts like a teenager on her first day with a fellow employee,a 5yr old that is potty trained is incontinent while his father is hospitalized)
  5. e managing emotional conflicts through actions, rather than self reflection. (a preschool child is told to share her toys so she throws them across the room)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The process of seperating an unacceptable feeling, idea or impulse from ones thoughts(oncologist who is able to care for a terminally ill cancer patient by seperating or isolating feelings of emotional reaction to the patients inevitable death)
  2. Imagined events or mental images to express unconcious conflicts, gratify unconcious wishes, or prepare for anticipated future events.( if a girls sits in a chair pretenting as if she has a baby while rocking in a chair holding a baby doll.)
  3. expressing extremely positive thoughts of self or others(a school aged boy boasts about his brother and his accomplishments)
  4. demonstrating an inability to reconcile negative and positive attributes of self or others(a client tells a nurse that she is the only one who caresabout her,yet the following day,the same client refuses to talk to the nurse)
  5. the negative of a previous conciously intolerable action or experience to reduce or alleviate feelings of guilt. (a man sends his wife flowers after embarrising her at a cocktail party)

5 True/False Questions

  1. Displacementa mechanism that serves to transfer feelings such as frustration, hostility or anxiety from one idea, person, or object to another.(yelling at one person when you are mad at another)

          

  2. compensationtransferring of a mental conflict into physical problems.(A man develops paralysis of him lower extremities after he learns his wife has terminal cancer.)

          

  3. Denialthe unconcious refusal to face thoughts,feelings,wishes,needs or reality by refusing to aknowledge its existance.(a man who is told that he has terminal cancer but he tells his family that it was a small tumor and his doctor removed it all)

          

  4. Symbolizationexpressing extremely positive thoughts of self or others(a school aged boy boasts about his brother and his accomplishments)

          

  5. RepressionRetreating to past levels of behavior that reduce anxiety,allow one to feel more confortable and permit dependancy. (a 27 year old acts like a teenager on her first day with a fellow employee,a 5yr old that is potty trained is incontinent while his father is hospitalized)

          

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