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windows 2008 standard edition

the most basic server version on which the other servers are based

symmetric multiprocessor

a multiprocessor is known as a _____ computer, which is a computer that uses more than one processor

16

windows server 2008 enterprise edition supports clusters of up to _____ computers

fault tolerant memory sync

windows server 2008 enterprise edition has _____, which enables to resynchronize after after transient memory problems so there is no interruption to current computer activities

hot-add processor

_____ means that a processor can be added to an empty processor slot while the system is running

scripts

_____ are files that contain commands to be run by a computer operating system

windows powershell

is a command-line interface that offers a shell, a customized environment for executing commands and scripts

process

a computer program or portion of a program that is currently running

local area network

a network of computers in relatively close proximity, such as on the same floor or in the same building

unicast

a transmission in which one packet is sent from a server to each client that requests a file or application, such as a video presentation

default gateway

the IP address of the router that has a connection to other networks

MAC

every NIC has a physical address, or _____ address

arp -a

command that shows you the MAC address along with the corresponding IP addresses that the local computer currently has in its ARP cache

tested products

the most up-to-date listing of compatible hardware (and software) is the windows server catalog of _____

creating a partition

a process in which a hard disk section or a complete hard disk is prepared for use by an operating system

sectors

when you format a disk, this process divides the disk into small sections called tracks and _____ for the storage of files by a particular file system

POSIX.1

NTFS follows the _____ standard, which includes case-sensitive filenames and the use of mutliple filenames

journaling

_____ by a file system means that it tracks changes to files and keeps a record of these changes in a separate log file

hard link

enables you to create one file and then establish links to that file in other folders, as though the file is in all of the folders

chkdsk

prior to windows server 2008, a damaged disk area meant that you had to take down the server and then bring it back up offline to users to run the _____ utility that rebuilt the data in the damaged area

R2

is an interim version of windows server 2003 developed as a way to offer a newer server version while waiting for windows server 2008

CAL (client access license)

one _____ is a license for one workstation to access the server

digital certificate

a set of unique identification information that is typically put at the end of a file, or that is associated with a computer communication

active directory domain services

is central to implementing active directory and creating one or more domains

shared directories

directories on one or more computers that users on other computers can access through the network

DFS (distributed file system)

enables folders shared from multiple computers to appear as though they exist in one centralized hierarchy of folders instead of on many different computers

FTP (file transfer protocol)

a TCP/IP application protocol that transfers files in bulk data streams and is commonly used on the internet

HTTP

a protocol in the TCP/IP suite of protocols that is used to transport document and other data transmissions over networks and the internet for access by web browsers

provide computer information

in the initial configuration tasks window, you use the _____ section to set the time zone, configure networking, and provide computer name and domain or workgroup information

help

in windows server core at the command line, enter _____ to view a listing of commands

service packs

designed to correct things such as security issues as well as problems affecting the stability, performance, or the operation of features included with the operating system

file services

focuses on sharing files from the server or using the server to coordinate and simplify file sharing through distributed file systems (DFS)

ServerManagerCmd.exe

you can use the _____ command-line tool for managing server roles

XML answer file

ServerManagerCmd.exe can be used to run the parameters in a(n) _____ on a group of servers to save configuration time and ensure that the servers are configured the same way

command prompt

ServerManagerCmd.exe is executed from the command line through the _____ window

plug and play

the ability to automatically detect and configure newly installed hardware devices, such as a disk or tape drive is called _____

driver signing

when a driver is verified, a unique digital signature is incorporated into it in a process called _____

sigverif.txt

after a sigverif scan is complete, the results are written to a log file, called _____

DEP (data execution prevention)

when programs are running on the server, _____ monitors how they use memory to ensure they are not causing memory problems

virtual memory

is disk storage used to expand the capacity of the physical RAM installed in the computer

system environment variables

_____ are defined by the operating system and apply to any user logged onto the computer

user environment variables

can be defined on a per-user basis, such as specifying the path where application files are stored

reliable multicast protocol

used for multimedia transmissions, such as a combined voice and video transmission to provide user training to multiple people

registry entry

is a data parameter associated with a software or hardware characteristic under a key (or subkey)

root key

also called a subtree, is a primary or highest level category of data contained in the registry

HKEY_USERS

root key contains profile information for each user who has logged onto the computer

HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG

holds information about the monitor type, keyboard, mouse, and other hardware characteristics for the current profile

security configuration wizard

automatically installed when you install windows server 2008 and provide and interactive interface for analyzing and configuring security on a server

SCW (security configuration wizard)

examines the roles a server plays and then tries to adjust security to match these roles

scwcmd

enables you to configure and modify security settings, as well as convert them to Active Directory Group Policy Objects and to apply them to multiple servers

RAID

an array of multiple hard drives designed to extend the life of disk drives and to prevent data loss from a hard disk failure

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