The amount of a nutrient needed to keep the human healthy.
a prime ingredient of blood oncotic pressure and a carrier protein for many body and pharmacologic substances.
Body mass index
A guide for maintaining ideal weight for height. It is also used as a benchmark for obesity or protein-caloric malnutrition.
A highly catabolic state with accelerated muscle loss and a chronic inflammatory response. It is a distinct syndrome separate from anorexia with production of proinflammatory cytokines that contribute to breakdown of fat and muscle protein, causing loss of both muscle mass and fat stores.
A tool that counts every calorie a patient takes in during a 24-hour period.
A primary nutrients that provides the body's main source of energy.
Elements (Ex. Sodium, potassium) needed by the body of maintain functioning.
Food frequency questionnaire
A tool to identify the number of times a person eats a specific food in a designated period.
Disease-causing microbes that live in the food supply.
The chemical processing of animal fats used by food manufacturers to extend the shelf life of products susceptible to rancidity, such as cookies and crackers.
Intake and output
Food and fluid taken into the body and urine expelled from the body.
Fats, which include triglycerides (fats and oils), sterols (ex. cholesterol), and phospholipids (ex. lecithin).
Mid upper arm muscle circumference/midarm muscle areas
Indicators of muscle and body protein reserves.
Percentage of ideal body weight
Calculation based on the ideal and current weight according to the formula- Percentage of ideal body weight = current weight/ideal weight X 100
Percentage of weight change
Calculation following the formula- Percentage of usual weight = Current weight/usual weight X 100
Percentage of weight change
Calculation following the formula- (Usual weight = present weight)/usual weight X 100
A circulating protein in the blood.
Nutrients essential for optimal body function- carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, water, and major electrolytes.
Macronutrients that serve important functions in cell structure and tissue maintenance.
Three-day food diary
A diary kept by the patient that reviews 3 days worth of food intake.
A serum protein with a half-life of 9 days.
A measurement of skinfold thickness. Not representative of adipose tissue throughout the body.
A tool used to quantify the amount of food taken in over a 24-hour time period.
The measurement around the waist. An indicator of accumulated body fat in the abdomen; a high circumference places people at increased risk of obesity-related diseases and early mortality.
Weight for height calculations
Reference standards for height and weight.
A feeling of apprehension or worry, especially about the future.
An assessment tool for alcohol and substance abuse. Questions are 'Have you ever felt the need to Cut down on drinking? Have you ever felt Annoyed by criticism of drinking? Have you ever had Guilty feelings about drinking? Have you ever taken a drink first thing in the morning (Eye-opener)?
False belief kept despite nonsupportive evidence.
A term that can refer to a wide variety of abnormal variations in an individual's mood. If mood changes are persistent and cause distress or impairment in functioning, then a mood disorder may be present. Individuals with mood disorders experience extremes of emotions, for example sadness, that are higher in intensity and longer in duration than normal.
Geriatric depression scale
A tool to assess for risk of depression in older adults.
A tool to assess for spirituality.
Mental status examination
An assessment to tell the mental state of the patient.
Mini mental status examination
A tool to quickly assess level of cognitive function.
A disturbed thought process characterized by excessive anxiety or fear, often to the point of irrationality and delusion. Paranoid thinking typically includes persecutory beliefs concerning a perceived threat.
Disorderly mental state in which the patient has difficulty distinguishing reality from internal perceptions.
The taking of one's own life.