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Unalienable

Based on nature and providence rather than on the preferences of people. The declaration was claimed that the rights being violated were unalienable.

Articles of Confederation

A constitution drafted by the newly independent states in 1777 and ratified in 1781. It created a weak national government that could no levy taxes or regulate commerce in 1789 it was replaced by our current constitution in order to create a stronger national government

Declaration of Independence

A declaration that was signed in 1776 that gave the American colonists freedom and independence from the king of Britain. The king controlled everything which gave the colonists no rights for example, the king had an influence over judges which gave people unequal rights.

Constitutional Convention

A meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation. The Constitutional convention was a meeting called to change the articles of confederation but resulted in making a whole new constiution which fixed the problems of the articles of confederation such as, no taxes.

shays Rebellion

A rebellion in 1787 led by Daniel shays and ex revolutionary war soldiers to prevent foreclosures of farms. The revolt highlighted the weakness of the confederation and bolstered support for a stronger national government.

Great Compromise

A compromise that was at the constitutional convention that came to the agreement that there would be two representatives in the senate and was allotted representatives on the basis of population in the house.

Bill of Rights

A list of individual rights and liberties such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion.

LIne-item veto

the power of an executive to veto some propositions in an appropriations bill while approving others the president does not have the right to exercise a line item veto and must approve of reject an entire appropriations bill.

republic

A form of democracy in which power is vested in representatives selected by means of popular competitive elections.

checks and balances

The power of the legislative executive and judicial branches of government to block some acts by the other two branches.

Federalists

Supporters of a stronger central government who advocated ratification of the constitution after ratification they founded a political party supporting a strong executive and alexander hamiltons economic policies.

Anti-federalists

opponents of a strong central government who campaigned against ratification of the constitution in favor of a confederation of largely independent states.

The federalist papers

a series of eighty five essays that were published in new york newspaper to convince new yorkers to to except the new constitution.

separation of powers

A principle of american government whereby constitional authority is shared by three seperate branches of government. which we know as the legislative, judicial, and executive branch.

bill of attainder

A law that declares a person without a trial to be guilty of a crime the state legislatures and congress are for bidden to pass such acts by article I of the constitution.

writ of babeas corpus

A court order directing a police officer who has a person in custody to bring the prisoner before a judge and show sufficient cause for his or her detention. this was made to prevent illegal arrests and imprisonment.

ex post facto law

A law intended to apply to crimes or events that took place before its passage. The United States Constitution forbids the passage of ex post facto criminal laws, on the principle that it is wrong to punish an act which was not illegal when committed.

federalism

The federal principle of government or organization.

amendment

Changes or additions to the constitution. The right for women to vote is an ammendment and it has to be agreed by two thirds of the state legislatures.

judicial review

A court's power of review of the decisions of lower courts or of the actions of other branches of government.

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