Milady's Chapter 16

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Milady's Chapter 16 Haircutting

Surfaces on the head where the head changes, such as the ears, jawline, and occipital bone, are referred to as:

reference points

Reference points in a haircut are used to establish:

design lines

The part of the head that is found by placing a comb flat on the side of the head is the:

parietal ridge

Placing a comb flat against the nape of the head and finding where the comb leaves the head can be used to locate the:

occipital bone

The highest point on the top of the head is the:

apex

Achieving balance within a design can be accomplished by understanding the head shape and:

reference points

The location of the four corners signals a change in the:

head shape

The two front corners represent the widest part of the:

bang area

Hair that grows below the parietal, or crest, hangs because of:

gravity

The area of the head that is between the apex and the back of the parietal ridge is the:

crown

The nape area is defined as the area at the back part of the neck and consists of the hair below the:

occipital bone

The area that begins at the apex and ends at the front corners and is located by placing a comb on top of the head so that the middle of the comb is balanced is the:

bang area

The space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point is a(n):

angle

A line is a thin continuous mark used as a(n):

guide

Lines in haircutting that are parallel to the horizon, or the floor are:

horizontal lines

Lines that are up and down and are perpendicular to the floor are:

vertical lines

Horizontal lines are used to create one-length and low-elevation cuts and build:

weight

The straight lines used to remove weight and create graduated or layered haircuts are:

vertical

Diagonal lines in a haircut blend long layers into short layers and create:

fullness

An important element in creating a strong foundation and consistency in haircutting and creating shapes is the use of:

angles

Elevation creates graduation and layers and is usually described in:

degrees

The uniform working areas used for control during haircutting are called:

sections

The line dividing hair at the scalp, separating one section from another, creating subsections is a:

parting

Lifting any section of hair above 0 degrees is known as:

elevation

When you are building weight in a haircut, the hair should be held:

below 90 degrees

The hair type that requires less elevation and should be left a bit longer because of shrinkage when it dries is:

curly hair

The angle at which the fingers are held when cutting is referred to as the:

cutting line

A section of hair that determines the length the hair will be cut is the:

guideline

The guideline where a small slice of a previous subsection is moved to the next position and becomes the new guideline is a:

traveling guide

A guideline used in a blunt, one-length haircut, or used in overdirection to create a length or weight increase is a(n):

stationary guide

In creating a length increase in the design of graduated and layered haircuts, the technique to use is:

over-direction

On a layered haircut, if you want the hair to be longer toward the front, overdirect the sections to a stationary guide at the:

back of the ears

The conversation where the practitioner offers professional advice and suggestions to a client is the:

client consultation

The growth pattern is the direction in which hair grows from the scalp and is also called the:

natural falling position

The thickness or diameter of each hair strand is referred to as hair:

texture

Hair density is usually described as being:

thin, medium, or thick

The amount of movement in the hair strand is referred to as the:

wave pattern

Shears that are designed to remove more hair, with larger teeth set farther apart, are:

notching shears

The comb used for close tapers on the nape and sides and when using a scissor-over-comb technique is a:

barber comb

When performing a haircut, the wide teeth of the comb are used to:

comb and part the hair

The amount of pressure applied when combing or holding a subsection during a haircut is called:

tension

The degree of tension used on hairlines with strong growth patterns or around the ears is:

minimum

When cutting hair, a general rule of thumb is to stand or sit directly in front of the area you are cutting and to keep your body weight:

centered

When cutting with a vertical or diagonal cutting line, the best way to maintain control of the subsection is to cut:

palm-to-palm

The hand position that is used most often when cutting uniform or increasing layers is:

over fingers

To reduce strain on the index finger and thumb while cutting hair, it is important to:

palm the shears

After a haircut and before blow-drying a client, sanitation and disinfection guidelines require the practitioner to:

sweep and dispose of hair

A one-length haircut where all the hair comes to one hanging length is also known as a:

blunt cut

A visual line in a haircut where the ends of the hair hang together is called the:

weight line

Haircuts that generally have less weight than graduated haircuts are:

layered cuts

A basic haircut where the hair is cut at a 180-degree angle is the:

long-layered cut

The technique used to check a haircut for precision of line and shape is:

cross-checking

In general, a razor should not be used on curly hair as it weakens the:

cuticle

The cutting technique used to layer very long hair and keep weight at the perimeter is:

slide cutting

The process of removing excess bulk without shortening hair length is:

texturizing

A more aggressive version of point cutting that creates a chunkier effect is:

notching

A texturizing technique performed on the ends of hair using the tips of the shears to remove bulk is:

point cutting

Thinning hair using a sliding movement with the blades of the shear partially opened to reduce volume and create movement is:

slithering

When using the slicing technique to remove bulk, the shears should never be completely:

closed

Electric or battery-operated tools that cut the hair by using two moving blades held in place by a metal plate with teeth are:

clippers

The technique that allows you to cut the hair very close to the scalp and create a flat-top or square shape is:

clipper-over-comb

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